2021-10-14: [Article Link]. The 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Kunming, Yunnan, China, summarized the experience of various countries in biodiversity conservation, and formulated the "Global Biodiversity Framework after 2020", planning a roadmap for future global biodiversity governance has attracted worldwide attention. Yunnan Province is extremely rich in biodiversity, and the number of biological species in various major groups is close to or more than half of the number of similar species in China. From the tropical rainforest where wild Asian elephants live, to the snowy plateau inhabiting many endemic species, Yunnan's ecosystem types are very rich. The National Museum of Natural History of France holds thousands of plants, insects and dozens of vertebrate specimens from Yunnan. Kunming is a very beautiful city, and I have a deep fate with Kunming. Since 2013, I have participated in the research of the Wildlife Management and Ecosystem Health Research Center of Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, in Northwest Yunnan, Xishuangbanna, pu'er and other places have carried out a series of studies on "Regional Economic Development and Socio-Economic Ecosystem" with the theme of wildlife management. I like life in Kunming very much, and I still often think of this city with a pleasant climate and a beautiful environment. The Earth is facing an unprecedented crisis, with the destruction of ecosystems and biodiversity. For the sustainable development of human beings and other organisms, international cooperation in ecological environment governance is particularly critical. The comparative study of mountain societies and ecosystems in France and China will help strengthen efforts in this area and cultivate strong links between researchers in the two countries. Since the 1990s, I am at the French Franche-Comté University and the French National Center for Scientific Research, where I work, have carried out a lot of cooperation with the Chinese research team in the fields of biodiversity conservation, dedicated to the study of species and the inextricable link between the health of the species and the environment. During my cooperation with the Chinese research team, I visited Xinjiang, Guangdong, Ningxia, Gansu, Yunnan, Guangxi, Qinghai and many other places, and often went to rural areas to conduct research, I was impressed by China's achievements in the field of environmental protection. Like most countries in the world, China also faces some challenges in biodiversity conservation, such as how to balance the relationship between biodiversity conservation and intensive agricultural production, how to promote the accelerated transformation of traditional energy use methods. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the protection of the environment and biodiversity, has made extraordinary efforts and achieved fruitful results. The Chinese people's awareness of environmental protection has been continuously enhanced. China has not only adopted legislation and many other measures to protect the environment, but also extensively planted trees. These vegetation have played an important role in improving air quality and maintaining soil and water. China has established nature reserves and priority areas for biodiversity protection. Wildlife habitats continue to expand and populations continue to increase. Nowadays, there are nearly ten thousand nature protections in China. Each nature reserve has its diverse ecosystem, which provides a living environment for rare wild animals and plants and plays an important role in protecting the ecosystem. China has put forward the goal of reaching a peak in carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and striving to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, and has put forward relevant measures for industrial restructuring in accordance with the "dual carbon" goal, this is a great determination and a very powerful action. At present, the rate of global species extinction is accelerating. Whenever a species becomes extinct, the ecosystem will then degrade and become more vulnerable. Over the years, through research by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Intergovernmental Science and Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, many countries and regions are aware of the seriousness of the problems facing biodiversity conservation. This biodiversity conference has adopted the "Kunming Declaration", which will help draw a blueprint for global biodiversity conservation in the next 10 years and encourage countries to take concrete actions to seek global biodiversity governance.
Note: This is auto-translated version of a Chinese domestic news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.