News Background: North Atlantic Treaty Organization


2022-05-19: [Article Link At an online video ceremony held at the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the ambassadors of Finland and Sweden to NATO formally submitted their applications for NATO membership to the Secretary-General of the Organization, Stoltenberg. NATO is a military-political bloc formed by the United States in 1949 to contain the Soviet Union after World War II. Its purpose is to work together in collective defence and the maintenance of peace and security, to promote democracy, the rule of law and the welfare of the Euro-Atlantic region through political and military means, and to safeguard the freedom and security of its members. During the cold war, NATO was antagonized by the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WAC), which was formed in 1955 between the Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries. NATO was founded with 12 member States from the United States, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. During the period against the Soviet Union and the China Pact, NATO expanded three times: in February 1952, Turkey and Greece joined; in May 1955, the Federal Republic of Germany joined; and in May 1982, Spain joined. In the second half of the twentieth century, with the upheavals in Eastern Europe, the dissolution of the Treaty, the break-up of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war, NATO embarked on a “one-size-fits-all crisis strategy” and embarked on the process of expansion through its involvement in the crisis in the region of the former Yugoslavia and the implementation of the Partnership for Peace initiative. Since 1992, European countries such as Poland have made successive requests to join NATO, and in September 1995 NATO officially published the Expanded East Report. In July 1997, the NATO Madrid Summit formally decided to admit Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic to membership in NATO; in March 1999, the three countries formally joined NATO, bringing the membership of NATO to 19. At its summit in Prague in November 2002, NATO decided to invite Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgaria to join. In March 2004, the seven countries formally joined NATO, bringing the number of NATO members to 26. Following a series of negotiations and corresponding procedures, Albania and Croatia joined NATO in April 2009. Montenegro became a member of NATO in June 2017 and Northern Macedonia formally joined NATO in March 2020. Application for membership in NATO is subject to certain conditions. Under article 10 of the North Atlantic Convention, any European country that is in a position to advance the principles of the Convention and can contribute to security in the Euro-Atlantic region may accept an invitation from NATO to become a member of the group. NATO’s expansion policy is not static, but is constantly undergoing adjustments. The three expansions during the cold war were largely driven by strategic considerations. After the Cold War, NATO faced confusion as to whether it should continue to expand. To that end, NATO undertook a special study, which ultimately determined that countries applying for membership must meet certain political, economic, and military criteria to ensure that they are not only the beneficiaries of the group, but also contributors. According to NATO, these include the establishment of an effective democratic political system based on a market economy, fair treatment of minorities, a commitment to a peaceful resolution of the conflict, a willingness and ability to contribute to NATO military operations, and a commitment to democratic civil-military relations and institutional structures. NATO has a complex process for the admission of new members, with a total of seven steps. The first step is to negotiate accession. The formal invitation by NATO to the applicant State to negotiate was seen as a first step in the process of accession and the second step was the submission of a letter of intent. The Foreign Ministers of the invited countries wrote to the Secretary-General of NATO in the form of a letter of intent confirming the acceptance of the obligations of the member States and the fulfilment of their commitments, together with a timetable for the completion of the reform. The third step is the signing of the Protocol, which NATO prepares for each new member, and which all NATO members sign. The fourth step is ratification of the Protocol, which all Governments of NATO member States are required to ratify in accordance with their domestic requirements and procedures. The fifth step is the invitation to enter into the Treaty, and the Secretary-General of NATO will issue an invitation to the invited countries to join NATO once all NATO member States have ratified the Protocol and notified the United States Government. The sixth step is to accede to the treaty, and upon being invited to accede to the new treaty in accordance with national procedures. NATO, a military and political group, has not dismantled its mission since the end of the cold war, but has continued to expand its geographical boundaries and activities.


Note: This is a translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.



Trending News

What China Reads


News Background: North Atlantic Treaty Organization


2022-05-19: [Article Link At an online video ceremony held at the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the ambassadors of Finland and Sweden to NATO formally submitted their applications for NATO membership to the Secretary-General of the Organization, Stoltenberg. NATO is a military-political bloc formed by the United States in 1949 to contain the Soviet Union after World War II. Its purpose is to work together in collective defence and the maintenance of peace and security, to promote democracy, the rule of law and the welfare of the Euro-Atlantic region through political and military means, and to safeguard the freedom and security of its members. During the cold war, NATO was antagonized by the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WAC), which was formed in 1955 between the Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries. NATO was founded with 12 member States from the United States, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. During the period against the Soviet Union and the China Pact, NATO expanded three times: in February 1952, Turkey and Greece joined; in May 1955, the Federal Republic of Germany joined; and in May 1982, Spain joined. In the second half of the twentieth century, with the upheavals in Eastern Europe, the dissolution of the Treaty, the break-up of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war, NATO embarked on a “one-size-fits-all crisis strategy” and embarked on the process of expansion through its involvement in the crisis in the region of the former Yugoslavia and the implementation of the Partnership for Peace initiative. Since 1992, European countries such as Poland have made successive requests to join NATO, and in September 1995 NATO officially published the Expanded East Report. In July 1997, the NATO Madrid Summit formally decided to admit Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic to membership in NATO; in March 1999, the three countries formally joined NATO, bringing the membership of NATO to 19. At its summit in Prague in November 2002, NATO decided to invite Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgaria to join. In March 2004, the seven countries formally joined NATO, bringing the number of NATO members to 26. Following a series of negotiations and corresponding procedures, Albania and Croatia joined NATO in April 2009. Montenegro became a member of NATO in June 2017 and Northern Macedonia formally joined NATO in March 2020. Application for membership in NATO is subject to certain conditions. Under article 10 of the North Atlantic Convention, any European country that is in a position to advance the principles of the Convention and can contribute to security in the Euro-Atlantic region may accept an invitation from NATO to become a member of the group. NATO’s expansion policy is not static, but is constantly undergoing adjustments. The three expansions during the cold war were largely driven by strategic considerations. After the Cold War, NATO faced confusion as to whether it should continue to expand. To that end, NATO undertook a special study, which ultimately determined that countries applying for membership must meet certain political, economic, and military criteria to ensure that they are not only the beneficiaries of the group, but also contributors. According to NATO, these include the establishment of an effective democratic political system based on a market economy, fair treatment of minorities, a commitment to a peaceful resolution of the conflict, a willingness and ability to contribute to NATO military operations, and a commitment to democratic civil-military relations and institutional structures. NATO has a complex process for the admission of new members, with a total of seven steps. The first step is to negotiate accession. The formal invitation by NATO to the applicant State to negotiate was seen as a first step in the process of accession and the second step was the submission of a letter of intent. The Foreign Ministers of the invited countries wrote to the Secretary-General of NATO in the form of a letter of intent confirming the acceptance of the obligations of the member States and the fulfilment of their commitments, together with a timetable for the completion of the reform. The third step is the signing of the Protocol, which NATO prepares for each new member, and which all NATO members sign. The fourth step is ratification of the Protocol, which all Governments of NATO member States are required to ratify in accordance with their domestic requirements and procedures. The fifth step is the invitation to enter into the Treaty, and the Secretary-General of NATO will issue an invitation to the invited countries to join NATO once all NATO member States have ratified the Protocol and notified the United States Government. The sixth step is to accede to the treaty, and upon being invited to accede to the new treaty in accordance with national procedures. NATO, a military and political group, has not dismantled its mission since the end of the cold war, but has continued to expand its geographical boundaries and activities.

Note: This is a translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.

Recent related articles

Russia-US competition behind the escalation of the Ukraine issue

2022-06-26: Recommendations for thematic resources Russian-American relations have been under the shadow of the Ukrainian crisis since the outbreak of the Ukrainian crisis in 2014. The Russian-Ukrainian game has escalated rapidly since November 2021. On 21 February 2022, Russian President Putin signed an…  

From "Community with a Shared Future for Humanity" to "Community with a Shared Future for Oceans"——The Concept and Path of Promoting Global Ocean Governance and Cooperation

2022-06-26: Expert perspective There is only one planet for humanity, and nations coexist in one world. In November 2012, the Communist Party of China strategically put forward the idea of building a “Community of the Destiny of Man” in its eighteenth report. The development of diplomatic relations and…

The latest overseas epidemic: the Covid infection exceeds 538 million, and the cumulative number of Covid vaccines exceeds 12.018 billion

2022-06-26: On 25 June [Caixin Network], 221 countries and territories outside China were infected, with 538,444,9970 confirmed cases cumulatively, 380,000 more than yesterday, 630,7837 more deaths and 559 more than yesterday. As at 23 June, Our World in Data, Tianjin University, reported a cumulative global…

"Illustration" Weekly International Hotspot: Ukraine wins EU candidate status

2022-06-27: There's temperature, there's attitude. A week hot, Monday about. In the past week (20-26 June), in addition to the continuing high temperatures, floods, wars, plagues and other natural and man-made disasters, there have been new developments in the internal affairs diplomacy of a number of…

Will the place where Kant never left will be where World War III begins?

2022-06-26: Source: Seafarers Is it true that the birthplace of writings such as The Form and Principles of the Sensible World and the Reasonable World, The Ethical Theory of Schooling, The Practice of Rational Critiques, was the beginning of World War III to prove that humanity was too smart or too…

Ukraine's "Accession" Road: It took only 115 days from signing the application to obtaining candidate status

2022-06-27: At this week's EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s departure from Europe. It seems to the Spanish newspaper Le Monde that agreeing to Ukraine as an EU candidate can be seen as a symbol of…

Soaring prices, supply of daily necessities, selling of houses... European elites "Hamei", people suffer

2022-06-26: In successive rounds of sanctions against Russia, Europe was eventually “repeated”, with high inflation hitting all ordinary people on the European continent and forcing some to march on the streets to protest. This is due in part to the fact that Europe follows United States sanctions against…

Ukraine's "Joining the Union" Road-CAMCE-CAMCE

2022-06-27: Original title: World Weekly: The road to “Accession” in Ukraine At this week's EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s departure from Europe. It seems to the Spanish newspaper Le Monde that…  

World Weekly丨Ukraine's "Joining the Union" Road

2022-06-26: Video source: Visual News (20:37) At last week’s EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s accession to Europe. In the view of the Spanish newspaper Le Monde, the acceptance of Ukraine as an EU…

Recent related articles

Russia-US competition behind the escalation of the Ukraine issue

2022-06-26: Recommendations for thematic resources Russian-American relations have been under the shadow of the Ukrainian crisis since the outbreak of the Ukrainian crisis in 2014. The Russian-Ukrainian game has escalated rapidly since November 2021. On 21 February 2022, Russian President Putin signed an…  

From "Community with a Shared Future for Humanity" to "Community with a Shared Future for Oceans"——The Concept and Path of Promoting Global Ocean Governance and Cooperation

2022-06-26: Expert perspective There is only one planet for humanity, and nations coexist in one world. In November 2012, the Communist Party of China strategically put forward the idea of building a “Community of the Destiny of Man” in its eighteenth report. The development of diplomatic relations and…

The latest overseas epidemic: the Covid infection exceeds 538 million, and the cumulative number of Covid vaccines exceeds 12.018 billion

2022-06-26: On 25 June [Caixin Network], 221 countries and territories outside China were infected, with 538,444,9970 confirmed cases cumulatively, 380,000 more than yesterday, 630,7837 more deaths and 559 more than yesterday. As at 23 June, Our World in Data, Tianjin University, reported a cumulative global…

"Illustration" Weekly International Hotspot: Ukraine wins EU candidate status

2022-06-27: There's temperature, there's attitude. A week hot, Monday about. In the past week (20-26 June), in addition to the continuing high temperatures, floods, wars, plagues and other natural and man-made disasters, there have been new developments in the internal affairs diplomacy of a number of…

Will the place where Kant never left will be where World War III begins?

2022-06-26: Source: Seafarers Is it true that the birthplace of writings such as The Form and Principles of the Sensible World and the Reasonable World, The Ethical Theory of Schooling, The Practice of Rational Critiques, was the beginning of World War III to prove that humanity was too smart or too…

Ukraine's "Accession" Road: It took only 115 days from signing the application to obtaining candidate status

2022-06-27: At this week's EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s departure from Europe. It seems to the Spanish newspaper Le Monde that agreeing to Ukraine as an EU candidate can be seen as a symbol of…

Soaring prices, supply of daily necessities, selling of houses... European elites "Hamei", people suffer

2022-06-26: In successive rounds of sanctions against Russia, Europe was eventually “repeated”, with high inflation hitting all ordinary people on the European continent and forcing some to march on the streets to protest. This is due in part to the fact that Europe follows United States sanctions against…

Ukraine's "Joining the Union" Road-CAMCE-CAMCE

2022-06-27: Original title: World Weekly: The road to “Accession” in Ukraine At this week's EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s departure from Europe. It seems to the Spanish newspaper Le Monde that…  

World Weekly丨Ukraine's "Joining the Union" Road

2022-06-26: Video source: Visual News (20:37) At last week’s EU summit, Ukraine and Moldova became “EU candidates” for global attention. There have been contradictions within the EU since Britain’s accession to Europe. In the view of the Spanish newspaper Le Monde, the acceptance of Ukraine as an EU…