The pain of volunteering: How do the digital divide, parental will, and gaming risk determine the fate of candidates?


2022-08-07: [Chinese Article Link (Agriculture/Figures) In the event that Irene accidentally recorded a professional in the Russian language, and to a certain extent linked to the coercion of her parents, “before volunteering, they asked me to fill in all the volunteers, including advance approvals. Many senior examiners will fill out two colleges at some 985 University, “They think that independent colleges are one of the second levels of a university.” In an unpublished paper, the Inner Mongolia model was also examined with “reasonable jealousy” indicators, and it was found that the Inner Mongolia model was not parallel voluntary in terms of the quality of admissions. It was first published on the South weekend. Article: South weekend reporter Su Hae Peng South weekend intern, Jung-taek. Responsibility Editor (Responsible Editor): Wu Xin Yu Even the most modern systems cannot avoid surprises. The owner of a voluntary high-test filling agency in the city of Inner Mongolia, Xiao Yi, has worked for seven years, at least three times to come up with an accident in the voluntary filing system in Inner Mongolia. “In 2018 and 2020, there were two power outages due to weather, etc..” The third was a real “unfortunate”. Not long ago, the Inner Mongolia Education Department announced that, with the introduction of the new competitive examination in 2025, parallel volunteering would be introduced throughout the region. “Who knows if this system will ever be used? They have developed a filing system that not only allows real-time access to university reports, but also allows changes to be made at any time. In 2008, on the eve of the Beijing Olympic Games, the Autonomous Region, for the first time on 12 July, introduced a number of voluntary online reports from the undergraduate community; according to the Chinese Education Journal, nearly 19,000 candidates were selected, an average of 105 voluntary changes per person, up from 130 in 2018. Prior to its official operation, local support was provided by the electricity, public security and other sectors, and the construction of the infrastructure was promoted. High schools were required to access the Internet, and three Dayun traders, connected to the Internet, telecommunications and railways, set up a direct route for the transmission of 100 M fibre-optic cables to the Autonomous Community Centre for Admission. All of this is due to information asymmetries, which, according to the educational community, has led to the persistence of high numbers of repeaters as a result of the high levels of under-recording in the competitive examination. Ye Xiaoyang, a post-doctoral professor of educational economics at Brown University, had assumed that in 2010 he had a high test and that nearly one fifth of the national repeaters were likely, with the majority of the district cadets. “The children of the less developed regions, who endured so many hardships a century ago, have finally come to this point, with the result that 30 cents may have been wasted on him as a result of a mere three days of voluntary filing. What kind of science is it? Since the resumption of the senior exam in 1977, reports have been submitted prior to the examination, after the examination, after the assessment, after the gradation of the gradator gradient, in parallel volunteering and in real-time dynamics. There is a group of scholars who hope to match students to a good university through information interventions. Ye Xiaoyang and Jinqing, a mentor at the North University School of Education, have launched an information intervention project that continues to this day and is known as "We have a bright future." They want to serve 1 million people. Even in Mongolia, which is regarded as “the high test for voluntary reporting of the future,” local teachers encounter an ancient accident. In 2022, a boy who was 80 points above the undergraduate line, whose father worked in the public prosecution system, had to fill out a specialized military school. “There are 10% of the students who come into contact each year.” According to this, there may not be a perfect filing system, “at the very least, there is no way to avoid the influence of parents”. Risks are everywhere. As early as 2007, Nie Hai Peak, who is now an associate professor at the Rimnan College of Nakayama University, came to the conclusion, after considering preferences, tactics and a balance between Beyesnas, that it was not as good as it might be. Most of those who have undergone a high examination need to complete their life planning for the next four years, or even longer, in just one week. One of Yunnan’s final candidates in 2013 remembered that a retired high-school teacher could take 100 free voluntary counselling services a year, “with just one score, he can tell you which school to publish.” No one wants children to lag behind in this matter, rich or poor, and parents are willing to pay for voluntary counselling services. In Yunnan, in 2014 and in Guizhou, in 2020, Wu Qiusheng, a lecturer at the Chinese People’s University Institute of Education, saw that even children from rural families spend $300 to buy a voluntary information card from a third-party advisory body. Although precise data are not available, most parents in Inner Mongolia believe that voluntary reporting is the most sophisticated educational industry in the country, and data from the business information search website show that the number of institutions with the word “high test volunteers” is the second highest in the country, after Hebei. In 2022, another Silinhout career planner, Wu Fai, faced a more difficult choice. A mother and daughter were brought in, their daughter took 390 points, and one could only read private undergraduate school scores. Wu has calculated that four years of school fees, about 10,000 living expenses per year, about 4,000 computer cellular charges, plus 7,000 consultancy fees, “need at least 160,000”. "Can you afford it?" “I can't afford it.” This 3,000-month-old mother shakes her head. Finally, Wu decided to provide services free of charge, and the girl finally decided to report to a special class of primary education specializing in good future employment. On June 28, 2022, Jiangsu Gokko School of Honours and the Public Interest Advisory Society for the High Examinations went on a voluntary basis to report on the event. (Visual China/Figures) The most worrying thing is that, after 12 years of hard work, they have lost touch with their preferred institutions and professions. Inner Mongolia, when he volunteered in 2018, he experienced a power outage. He was planning to study mechanics at a college in Beijing. Strong self-confidence, adequate preparation, and the tension that comes out of the slippage. Dong Ji did not eventually adhere to his ideal school, but chose to keep him safe. Risks are not exclusive to the Inner Mongolia model; on the contrary, many believe that this model is the least risky. In September 2021, Yoon-Lin, who had already read sophomore year, decided to go back to Jiangsu's home. In the event that Irene accidentally recorded a professional in the Russian language, and to a certain extent linked to the coercion of her parents, “before volunteering, they asked me to fill in all the volunteers, including advance approvals. Jiangsu introduced a parallel model of volunteering, starting with first grades, one after the other. As a result, Irène was not recorded by a “probably profitable profession” but by a Russian-language profession. Since the first day of the university, she has been living in anxiety. Every day, 5:30 p.m., sometimes at 10 p.m., she leaves school, and subjects such as translation, silent writing, etc. require her to remember more than 100 words every week. "Every day we open our eyes, but we use all the kung fu, and I can't handle it." Severe anxiety caused her to collapse, diagnosed breast knots, and found a dozen psychologists in just two days. In 2022, she also met a girl who could have gone to 211 schools outside the province. The girl didn't get past her mother. The digital divide: technology progresses, but choices are not less difficult. “Technology is improving and people's choices are not less difficult.” Ye Xiaoyang said. Voluntary reporting is a real information war. In 2022, 11,930,000 people signed up for the higher examinations and required access to previous years'intake scores, admission rules and employment in professions with more than 1,600 names in 3013 schools in order to find out what they really needed. Even after a long trial, Wu would need to spend two or three days communicating with the candidates, their parents. “The candidates do not want to study a profession, but their parents do not agree.” At that time, Wu would also have to reconcile the views of the two parties, allowing the candidates to select three to eight of the twenty recommended professions, combining geographical location, employment prospects, academic evaluation, etc., in order to match the institutions with the scores of the candidates, which are mutually satisfactory, in order to ensure that the newspaper “is under his command and succeeds in the battle” on that day. The same score, being admitted to lower-level universities, would have consequences, according to Kanjing University's special assistant researcher, which, in his view, would have led to the emergence of “reasonable jealousy”. In other words, a highly qualified candidate would be “reasonable” jealous of his fellow students who are less qualified than he or she but who have been admitted to a better university. “reasonable jealousy” would make some candidates tend to repeat. Research by Ye Xiaoyang et al. shows that high scores affect not only academic performance, but also the probability of high scores finding high-paying jobs in recruitment at the 985, 211 threshold. There are no precise data on the number of high-level low-level cases, but Ye Xiaoyang and others are aware that this is more common in economically less developed regions. The digital divide runs between urban and rural areas, and even with improved infrastructure, the situation is unlikely to improve significantly. In 2014, Wu Qiusheng participated in the teaching service of the People's University Mission of China in Yunnan Rhejiang State. He spoke about special programmes for rural students in high schools. This programme, which began in 2014, was carried out by the Ministry of Education in direct high schools and other pilot schools for self-recruiting students, targeting students from rural areas who have worked hard and performed well in high schools in remote, poor, ethnic and subdistricts (including county-level municipalities). In 2022, about 95 schools were established. During the year, on a day in mid-June, the Admissions Group suddenly called a major teacher who had been on duty in the region, informing him that a child had passed the initial screening of the special scheme but had not been able to confirm the retest online and print the test. The message was sent back to the school, the teacher contacted the parents, the phone was not answered. A teacher drove to the student’s village before he learned that the child did not know he was in the neighborhood and “was playing in the neighboring village”. That evening, two hours before the system was shut down, the children's parents, their brothers and relatives from all over the village came into the meeting room of the school, where they had been arguing that the village had not been a university student for 10 years. The father in the blue shirt held Wu Xiu-Shang's hand, and the first sentence was, "Miss, we don't have the money to get our kids to go to Chengdu." And then he added, "We don't have the money to get our kids to go to college. These parents are unaware of the government’s funding policy, and even less of the fact that schools are able to subsidize travel fees for students with financial difficulties in their families. Later, in Guizhou, he also experienced an exaggeration. With a mobile phone, rural students are able to identify their preferred school specializations and even international rankings, but they also look at the top results of mobile browser searches – usually encyclopedia, as the official website of the school. They ask, “Why is there no information on the "official website" about student subsidies for difficult students?” Lack of information is a cognitive border, and candidates in less developed regions often find it difficult to recognize the crisis it poses. Wu Qiu-Shang has spent many years in high school volunteering to study places in Guizhou. On one occasion, the day before the closing day of the voluntary filing, he asked a girl who had come to consult about how to file a voluntary offer, and the girl replied that it was not her turn to think. “I shared a set of entrance guidelines with a few of my fellow students, and others were not finished.” The girl said she could see it that night. "Can you come in time?" "I don't think there's a big problem." The information asymmetry has a wings-flash effect. Ding Yingqing et al., after analysing the admission data for the 2016 Ningxia High Examination, found that rural students spend an average of 1.7-3.7 points more than urban students in order to enter the same school; and 1.6-2.3 more for the same subject in the same school. On May 9, 2015, Beijing, the largest-ever pre-censorship high-profile consultation, parents held the purchased high-test volunteer material. (Visual China/Figure) Information intervention: “Do not waste as much as possible” On 13 July 2018, the city of the Inner Mongolia River experienced a power outage. During that year, the education department arranged for students to fill out their reports at the school site. As soon as noon, the sky was dark. 11.30, the computer screen suddenly blackened, and some parents screamed. “Knowing it was a power outage,” the students started calling the Internet bar, “Knowing that there is electricity in the neighborhood, and that the second floor is empty.” A group of people ran to the Internet bar in the rain. After 40 minutes, the power supply is restored. A relevant head of the Guen River Power Service Centre recalls to a South weekend reporter that the day before, the Centre sent 500-kVA security trucks, “almost 15 people on site for emergency response”. Inner Mongolia has invested a significant amount of money over the years in the real-time dynamic system, which is considered to be the “Volunteer of the High Tests for the Future.” In 2008, the Daily Light reported that in Inner Mongolia invested more than 20 million yuan in the purchase of a sufficient number of small machines and free access to the 4G broadband network. Inner Mongolia, the network engineer of the Enrollment Examination Centre for Education, Cheefe, in 2015, wrote about the slowness of inter-operator network visits and inter-operator access to four operators in order to solve the problem. In addition, IBM large machines have been deployed to meet the high requirements for database performance, and all efforts have been made to “open and transparent the voluntary process for the competitive examination”. Openness and transparency of information has been a requirement for reform of the VRS. For more than a decade since the return of the VRS, most provinces have used the pre-testing model, which is followed by regular test results. Since 1995, post-selection ratings have been promoted, but rules have been followed that allow candidates to report a number of volunteers in order, usually at the end of the first voluntary contribution and entering the second volunteer, which can easily result in a drawback or slippage. From 2003 onwards, the Hunan and Jiangsu regions have moved to a parallel voluntary model, starting with the first grades, which was proposed by the Ministry of Education in 2008 to be replicated throughout the country. Ding Yingqing and Ye Xiaoyang, among others, have noted that information is still valuable in an innovating system, where little is known. Sometimes, Ye Xiaoyang is even scared by the ignorance and naiveness of candidates: many senior candidates fill out two colleges at some 985 universities, “they think that independent colleges are one of the second levels of a university. In 2016, Ding Yingqing and Ye Xiaoyang decided to launch a large-scale information intervention project at Ningxia University College of Education. This project, later known as “We all have a bright future,” was supported by the Ningxia School of Education. At that time, Ding Yingqing and others gathered a team of nine people and set up three interventions – a brochure on examination techniques, a lecture, and a one-to-one consultation – all free of charge. In 2016, in Ningxia, where there were approximately 69,000 candidates, Ding Yingqing's team selected 36,000 as a sample, out of which 19,000 received varying degrees of intervention and the remaining 17,000 were control groups. Ding Yingqing found that, in the end, the intervention was accompanied by interventions, especially for one-to-one students, and that there was a “approach of 22.7 points of added value” compared to those who were not. When Ye Xiaoyang was ambitious, he offered to provide free counselling to one million senior candidates in the future. He set up a public number for this purpose. The reason for the student is simple: "I took 500 points. Can you let me go up north?" Is complete information more transparent? In 2007, before the formal functioning of the Inner Mongolia model, Lt. Zhang, an academic planner, thought about the logic of real-time reporting on his blog. In his view, real-time dynamic reporting achieved a “dynamic game under complete information” that turned “voluntary filing” into an extensive auction market. Zhang Heung Liang has thus become a strong supporter of the Inner Mongolia model. However, in 2013, Qin Chunhua, then Director of Admissions at Beijing University, wrote criticism of this pattern, arguing that the biggest problem was that “it assumes that the voluntary filing information provided by all candidates is true and always true. Qin Chunhua criticized the phenomenon of “placedom” — to fill in a high school, to occupy a seat until the last moment, and then to replace it with a school that he really wanted to go to. The game in the Inner Mongolia model has also left scholars with reservations. “The tendency to overplay is not a good motive for voluntary reporting, and the key to voluntary reporting is to allow each individual to find his or her own potential for advantage. The Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences researcher has told the southern press on weekends that “the dynamic approach may have led many to believe that there is an opportunity for chance of falling pies in the sky, which may pose a risk. Zhang has a different opinion. In his view, the Inner Mongolia model provides for “other people's access to the test, which is revealed! The information is completely transparent and allows for “a significant increase in the student's hit rate for volunteering”. As soon as the Inner Mongolia model was introduced, it became a media favour, and in a 2008 report in the South Metropolitan newspaper, journalists consulted specifically with the relevant officials of the Guangdong Provincial School of Education Examinations, with the possibility that the Inner Mongolia model could be replicated in the Penang. One of the responsible officials replied that technical support was not difficult, but that “the key question was whether candidates, parents and society could accept so much change in a short period of time”. Indeed, the Inner Mongolia model did have the potential to be replicated throughout the country. According to the Inner Mongolia Daily, in August 2011, when the Ministry of Education came to examine the guidance, it was reported that the Inner Mongolia model “is an innovation that benefits the public and deserves to be replicated”. According to the media, three years from now, Mongolia will run a new competitive examination and a parallel voluntary placement. Zhang is sad about this. “We know, of course, where real-time dynamics are good, as we can see.” A staff member of the Inner Mongolia Education Department revealed to a South weekend journalist, but she cannot compare the Inner Mongolia model to parallel volunteering, “In three years, parallel volunteering is about to take place, and should we say real-time dynamics are good or bad? Looking back at Qin Chunhua’s criticism of the Inner Mongolia model, he has yet another argument that can easily be ignored. He argues that the High Tests report volunteering, in addition to violating the rules of education, pushes the “score-only” theory to the extreme. There are not a few scholars with this view. They argue that a student who dares to fill out North China prior to his or her exam is likely to have an excellent performance in high school as a whole, which will take more into account his or her ability to do so over a longer period of time, rather than just a single exam. U Binjin, Associate Professor, School of Management, Qinghua University, analysed in 2012 the upper grades of the top college in which students had been enrolled and the higher grades of university studies over the past 10 years. She found that, while the post-graduation reports had led to an increase in school admissions, they had failed to improve students' performance at the university level, “even declining”. On this basis, the study found that successful students were weaker in terms of their ability to study and professional interest than those who had not voluntarily enrolled in parallel before the examination. In an article under review, Leisure and its collaborators examined in detail the probability of “reasonable jealousy” taking place in different models, using data from 2005-2011 for the higher examinations in each province. The results show that reforms in the provinces from sequential to parallel volunteering have significantly reduced the probability of “reasonable jealousy” occurring, with a consequent reduction in the proportion of repeaters. In another unpublished paper, the Inner Mongolia model was also examined with “reasonable jealousy” indicators. The results show that the Inner Mongolia model is not like parallel volunteering in terms of the quality of admission. Since inner Mongolia's competitive examination is done in different fractions, “early reporting that top-ranked candidates may be tested in more than one school, so that the scores of some schools may be overrated, thus making the ranking slightly lower, but in fact accepted candidates, `discouraged' ahead of schedule”. It also argued that “while the end of the reporting period will end with the early voluntary filing of senior candidates, there will still be a high and low score of candidates within the same section, and if the higher scores of candidates change their volunteers towards the end of the period, the lower scores of candidates may still be `unkilled' at the last minute. The fate changed by the data. In 2021, Ma Hongxia graduated from the Chinese language department of the Chinese Teacher Training University of Huadong and returned to the mother school of Ishikawa, one of the 500,000 students who had served with Ye Xiaoyang. Ma Xiaoyang's favorite candidate, who knows what she wants, who doesn't know what he's doing, who cares about the heat of a profession. However, Ma Hongxia, who was about to teach in high school, told the South's weekend journalists that her parents were teaching in every school in Ningxia. Before Ye Xiaoyang contacted her, he was under constant pressure from his family to study law or public administration. Prior to the intervention, the Ningxia School of Education texted Ma Hongxia, telling her that the girl who grew up in the city of Silvergawa would receive a free consultation. Ma Hongxi was convinced by her parents. She took 599 points, and hesitantly between the Chinese and Chinese teachers. Teachers and relatives told her that the Chinese masters were too risky and the Chinese masters were much more secure. Ma Yingxian was upset. The Tingqing study found that urban candidates were more willing to “go for it” in voluntary filings, while rural candidates were more conservative, and that “they did not have the courage to take the risk.” The data changed Ma Hongxia’s fate. Ye Xiaoyang’s team developed an AI system to estimate the success rate of voluntary filing. “Miss Ip told me that the probability of going to China is more than 80%.” Later, Ye Xiaoyang continued to refine the system, which looked like a fortune-teller, and in 2022, about 2,000 students learned how to volunteer from Ye Xiaoyang. But China does not have so many “Ma Hongxia”, and most of the senior candidates are on their own when they volunteer. On June 25, 2015, Henan Zhengzhou conducted a regular high-profile on-site consultation, and one candidate is currently browsing on student enrolments at higher education institutions. (Visual China/Figure) Wu Xiu-Sun remembers a girl he met at the enrolment office in that county town in Guizhou. The girl came alone to sign the teacher-student agreement, signed it, and cried. "I only know that I'm making a very important decision that will affect the future." “The urban child, the high school volunteer, has failed, and there is a possibility of correction. He knows that the family is his strong support and that he can study, study and leave the country in the future, and that there are other ways to achieve the goal.” Wu Qiu-Sun clearly knows that children in rural areas do not have much opportunity to correct the voluntary filing of errors. In recent years, changes in the admission system have taken place without notice. Over the weekend in the south, journalists noted that beginning in 2017, several provinces and cities in the south-west region began to attempt real-time Mongolian dynamic reporting. In July 2017, you were introduced for the first time in the City of Preah Vihear, and subsequently in the State's Sinan Secondary School, Copper-In-I, to varying degrees. In March 2022, the Sichuan Provincial School of Education informed that in this year's high-level job offers, until the end of the online report, candidates were free to decide whether to modify or adjust their volunteer service in institutions, depending on real-time dynamics. The Sichuan Education Examination Institute declined the interview of a South weekend journalist. Is there an almost perfect system of voluntary filing and admission, which, according to Happy, depends on which of the indicators system designers would want to maximize, “e.g. a definition of good performance is a better long-term average or a better final exam? Theoretically, pleasure is more inclined towards an unlimited number of parallel volunteer models. That is, ranking N candidates can choose all the remaining and potential candidates for higher education as his parallel volunteers, until they are accepted, and then consider ranking N+1 candidates, and so on. On June 28, 2021, high school graduates from Yongchang Kitayama High School in Chongqing reported their high test for voluntary service in the micro-mechanical room. (Visual China/Figure) The design of the new examination is close to the idea of leisure. In 2017, the two candidates started volunteering in “specialized + colleges” with a maximum of 80 and 96, respectively. However, Wu Qiu-Sun believes that there are too many options and problems in practice: “Students cannot be fully aware of 96 volunteers, many of which may not be known to them, dislike them, even to fill them up. Wu Xiushan is more concerned about the inequality factor in the filing mechanism. “The high score is about value judgements, what counts high, what counts low, and the match between the results and the results of the examination is not necessarily a problem, but if behind the phenomenon there are inequalities resulting from information asymmetries, such as information differences resulting from household economic conditions, that create advantages and disadvantages, then there is a need to address them and to promote equal access to information as much as possible. Ye Xiaoyang, for his part, looks forward to a long-term observation. He's recently planning a recollection of post-intervention student performance at the university and post-employment levels, which is going to be a huge project. This is a topic that deserves further discussion. Ma Hongxia has taken several scholarships in succession to graduate school. She might have been able to continue her studies at the University of Gangan. Her parents know all about it. In July 2022, Ma Hongxia's brother also reached the age of volunteering. Parents wanted him to go to school in the province. Ma Hongxia told him, "You're 18, which means that all other people's opinions are just advice to you." Eventually, my brother chose a university outside the province. At the request of the interviewer, Xiao Yi, Dong Zhi, and IoIin will be given an alias. The Southern weekend intern Wang Morningwoo will also contribute to this paper.


Note: This is a machine translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.




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The pain of volunteering: How do the digital divide, parental will, and gaming risk determine the fate of candidates?


2022-08-07: [Article Link (Agriculture/Figures) In the event that Irene accidentally recorded a professional in the Russian language, and to a certain extent linked to the coercion of her parents, “before volunteering, they asked me to fill in all the volunteers, including advance approvals. Many senior examiners will fill out two colleges at some 985 University, “They think that independent colleges are one of the second levels of a university.” In an unpublished paper, the Inner Mongolia model was also examined with “reasonable jealousy” indicators, and it was found that the Inner Mongolia model was not parallel voluntary in terms of the quality of admissions. It was first published on the South weekend. Article: South weekend reporter Su Hae Peng South weekend intern, Jung-taek. Responsibility Editor (Responsible Editor): Wu Xin Yu Even the most modern systems cannot avoid surprises. The owner of a voluntary high-test filling agency in the city of Inner Mongolia, Xiao Yi, has worked for seven years, at least three times to come up with an accident in the voluntary filing system in Inner Mongolia. “In 2018 and 2020, there were two power outages due to weather, etc..” The third was a real “unfortunate”. Not long ago, the Inner Mongolia Education Department announced that, with the introduction of the new competitive examination in 2025, parallel volunteering would be introduced throughout the region. “Who knows if this system will ever be used? They have developed a filing system that not only allows real-time access to university reports, but also allows changes to be made at any time. In 2008, on the eve of the Beijing Olympic Games, the Autonomous Region, for the first time on 12 July, introduced a number of voluntary online reports from the undergraduate community; according to the Chinese Education Journal, nearly 19,000 candidates were selected, an average of 105 voluntary changes per person, up from 130 in 2018. Prior to its official operation, local support was provided by the electricity, public security and other sectors, and the construction of the infrastructure was promoted. High schools were required to access the Internet, and three Dayun traders, connected to the Internet, telecommunications and railways, set up a direct route for the transmission of 100 M fibre-optic cables to the Autonomous Community Centre for Admission. All of this is due to information asymmetries, which, according to the educational community, has led to the persistence of high numbers of repeaters as a result of the high levels of under-recording in the competitive examination. Ye Xiaoyang, a post-doctoral professor of educational economics at Brown University, had assumed that in 2010 he had a high test and that nearly one fifth of the national repeaters were likely, with the majority of the district cadets. “The children of the less developed regions, who endured so many hardships a century ago, have finally come to this point, with the result that 30 cents may have been wasted on him as a result of a mere three days of voluntary filing. What kind of science is it? Since the resumption of the senior exam in 1977, reports have been submitted prior to the examination, after the examination, after the assessment, after the gradation of the gradator gradient, in parallel volunteering and in real-time dynamics. There is a group of scholars who hope to match students to a good university through information interventions. Ye Xiaoyang and Jinqing, a mentor at the North University School of Education, have launched an information intervention project that continues to this day and is known as "We have a bright future." They want to serve 1 million people. Even in Mongolia, which is regarded as “the high test for voluntary reporting of the future,” local teachers encounter an ancient accident. In 2022, a boy who was 80 points above the undergraduate line, whose father worked in the public prosecution system, had to fill out a specialized military school. “There are 10% of the students who come into contact each year.” According to this, there may not be a perfect filing system, “at the very least, there is no way to avoid the influence of parents”. Risks are everywhere. As early as 2007, Nie Hai Peak, who is now an associate professor at the Rimnan College of Nakayama University, came to the conclusion, after considering preferences, tactics and a balance between Beyesnas, that it was not as good as it might be. Most of those who have undergone a high examination need to complete their life planning for the next four years, or even longer, in just one week. One of Yunnan’s final candidates in 2013 remembered that a retired high-school teacher could take 100 free voluntary counselling services a year, “with just one score, he can tell you which school to publish.” No one wants children to lag behind in this matter, rich or poor, and parents are willing to pay for voluntary counselling services. In Yunnan, in 2014 and in Guizhou, in 2020, Wu Qiusheng, a lecturer at the Chinese People’s University Institute of Education, saw that even children from rural families spend $300 to buy a voluntary information card from a third-party advisory body. Although precise data are not available, most parents in Inner Mongolia believe that voluntary reporting is the most sophisticated educational industry in the country, and data from the business information search website show that the number of institutions with the word “high test volunteers” is the second highest in the country, after Hebei. In 2022, another Silinhout career planner, Wu Fai, faced a more difficult choice. A mother and daughter were brought in, their daughter took 390 points, and one could only read private undergraduate school scores. Wu has calculated that four years of school fees, about 10,000 living expenses per year, about 4,000 computer cellular charges, plus 7,000 consultancy fees, “need at least 160,000”. "Can you afford it?" “I can't afford it.” This 3,000-month-old mother shakes her head. Finally, Wu decided to provide services free of charge, and the girl finally decided to report to a special class of primary education specializing in good future employment. On June 28, 2022, Jiangsu Gokko School of Honours and the Public Interest Advisory Society for the High Examinations went on a voluntary basis to report on the event. (Visual China/Figures) The most worrying thing is that, after 12 years of hard work, they have lost touch with their preferred institutions and professions. Inner Mongolia, when he volunteered in 2018, he experienced a power outage. He was planning to study mechanics at a college in Beijing. Strong self-confidence, adequate preparation, and the tension that comes out of the slippage. Dong Ji did not eventually adhere to his ideal school, but chose to keep him safe. Risks are not exclusive to the Inner Mongolia model; on the contrary, many believe that this model is the least risky. In September 2021, Yoon-Lin, who had already read sophomore year, decided to go back to Jiangsu's home. In the event that Irene accidentally recorded a professional in the Russian language, and to a certain extent linked to the coercion of her parents, “before volunteering, they asked me to fill in all the volunteers, including advance approvals. Jiangsu introduced a parallel model of volunteering, starting with first grades, one after the other. As a result, Irène was not recorded by a “probably profitable profession” but by a Russian-language profession. Since the first day of the university, she has been living in anxiety. Every day, 5:30 p.m., sometimes at 10 p.m., she leaves school, and subjects such as translation, silent writing, etc. require her to remember more than 100 words every week. "Every day we open our eyes, but we use all the kung fu, and I can't handle it." Severe anxiety caused her to collapse, diagnosed breast knots, and found a dozen psychologists in just two days. In 2022, she also met a girl who could have gone to 211 schools outside the province. The girl didn't get past her mother. The digital divide: technology progresses, but choices are not less difficult. “Technology is improving and people's choices are not less difficult.” Ye Xiaoyang said. Voluntary reporting is a real information war. In 2022, 11,930,000 people signed up for the higher examinations and required access to previous years'intake scores, admission rules and employment in professions with more than 1,600 names in 3013 schools in order to find out what they really needed. Even after a long trial, Wu would need to spend two or three days communicating with the candidates, their parents. “The candidates do not want to study a profession, but their parents do not agree.” At that time, Wu would also have to reconcile the views of the two parties, allowing the candidates to select three to eight of the twenty recommended professions, combining geographical location, employment prospects, academic evaluation, etc., in order to match the institutions with the scores of the candidates, which are mutually satisfactory, in order to ensure that the newspaper “is under his command and succeeds in the battle” on that day. The same score, being admitted to lower-level universities, would have consequences, according to Kanjing University's special assistant researcher, which, in his view, would have led to the emergence of “reasonable jealousy”. In other words, a highly qualified candidate would be “reasonable” jealous of his fellow students who are less qualified than he or she but who have been admitted to a better university. “reasonable jealousy” would make some candidates tend to repeat. Research by Ye Xiaoyang et al. shows that high scores affect not only academic performance, but also the probability of high scores finding high-paying jobs in recruitment at the 985, 211 threshold. There are no precise data on the number of high-level low-level cases, but Ye Xiaoyang and others are aware that this is more common in economically less developed regions. The digital divide runs between urban and rural areas, and even with improved infrastructure, the situation is unlikely to improve significantly. In 2014, Wu Qiusheng participated in the teaching service of the People's University Mission of China in Yunnan Rhejiang State. He spoke about special programmes for rural students in high schools. This programme, which began in 2014, was carried out by the Ministry of Education in direct high schools and other pilot schools for self-recruiting students, targeting students from rural areas who have worked hard and performed well in high schools in remote, poor, ethnic and subdistricts (including county-level municipalities). In 2022, about 95 schools were established. During the year, on a day in mid-June, the Admissions Group suddenly called a major teacher who had been on duty in the region, informing him that a child had passed the initial screening of the special scheme but had not been able to confirm the retest online and print the test. The message was sent back to the school, the teacher contacted the parents, the phone was not answered. A teacher drove to the student’s village before he learned that the child did not know he was in the neighborhood and “was playing in the neighboring village”. That evening, two hours before the system was shut down, the children's parents, their brothers and relatives from all over the village came into the meeting room of the school, where they had been arguing that the village had not been a university student for 10 years. The father in the blue shirt held Wu Xiu-Shang's hand, and the first sentence was, "Miss, we don't have the money to get our kids to go to Chengdu." And then he added, "We don't have the money to get our kids to go to college. These parents are unaware of the government’s funding policy, and even less of the fact that schools are able to subsidize travel fees for students with financial difficulties in their families. Later, in Guizhou, he also experienced an exaggeration. With a mobile phone, rural students are able to identify their preferred school specializations and even international rankings, but they also look at the top results of mobile browser searches – usually encyclopedia, as the official website of the school. They ask, “Why is there no information on the "official website" about student subsidies for difficult students?” Lack of information is a cognitive border, and candidates in less developed regions often find it difficult to recognize the crisis it poses. Wu Qiu-Shang has spent many years in high school volunteering to study places in Guizhou. On one occasion, the day before the closing day of the voluntary filing, he asked a girl who had come to consult about how to file a voluntary offer, and the girl replied that it was not her turn to think. “I shared a set of entrance guidelines with a few of my fellow students, and others were not finished.” The girl said she could see it that night. "Can you come in time?" "I don't think there's a big problem." The information asymmetry has a wings-flash effect. Ding Yingqing et al., after analysing the admission data for the 2016 Ningxia High Examination, found that rural students spend an average of 1.7-3.7 points more than urban students in order to enter the same school; and 1.6-2.3 more for the same subject in the same school. On May 9, 2015, Beijing, the largest-ever pre-censorship high-profile consultation, parents held the purchased high-test volunteer material. (Visual China/Figure) Information intervention: “Do not waste as much as possible” On 13 July 2018, the city of the Inner Mongolia River experienced a power outage. During that year, the education department arranged for students to fill out their reports at the school site. As soon as noon, the sky was dark. 11.30, the computer screen suddenly blackened, and some parents screamed. “Knowing it was a power outage,” the students started calling the Internet bar, “Knowing that there is electricity in the neighborhood, and that the second floor is empty.” A group of people ran to the Internet bar in the rain. After 40 minutes, the power supply is restored. A relevant head of the Guen River Power Service Centre recalls to a South weekend reporter that the day before, the Centre sent 500-kVA security trucks, “almost 15 people on site for emergency response”. Inner Mongolia has invested a significant amount of money over the years in the real-time dynamic system, which is considered to be the “Volunteer of the High Tests for the Future.” In 2008, the Daily Light reported that in Inner Mongolia invested more than 20 million yuan in the purchase of a sufficient number of small machines and free access to the 4G broadband network. Inner Mongolia, the network engineer of the Enrollment Examination Centre for Education, Cheefe, in 2015, wrote about the slowness of inter-operator network visits and inter-operator access to four operators in order to solve the problem. In addition, IBM large machines have been deployed to meet the high requirements for database performance, and all efforts have been made to “open and transparent the voluntary process for the competitive examination”. Openness and transparency of information has been a requirement for reform of the VRS. For more than a decade since the return of the VRS, most provinces have used the pre-testing model, which is followed by regular test results. Since 1995, post-selection ratings have been promoted, but rules have been followed that allow candidates to report a number of volunteers in order, usually at the end of the first voluntary contribution and entering the second volunteer, which can easily result in a drawback or slippage. From 2003 onwards, the Hunan and Jiangsu regions have moved to a parallel voluntary model, starting with the first grades, which was proposed by the Ministry of Education in 2008 to be replicated throughout the country. Ding Yingqing and Ye Xiaoyang, among others, have noted that information is still valuable in an innovating system, where little is known. Sometimes, Ye Xiaoyang is even scared by the ignorance and naiveness of candidates: many senior candidates fill out two colleges at some 985 universities, “they think that independent colleges are one of the second levels of a university. In 2016, Ding Yingqing and Ye Xiaoyang decided to launch a large-scale information intervention project at Ningxia University College of Education. This project, later known as “We all have a bright future,” was supported by the Ningxia School of Education. At that time, Ding Yingqing and others gathered a team of nine people and set up three interventions – a brochure on examination techniques, a lecture, and a one-to-one consultation – all free of charge. In 2016, in Ningxia, where there were approximately 69,000 candidates, Ding Yingqing's team selected 36,000 as a sample, out of which 19,000 received varying degrees of intervention and the remaining 17,000 were control groups. Ding Yingqing found that, in the end, the intervention was accompanied by interventions, especially for one-to-one students, and that there was a “approach of 22.7 points of added value” compared to those who were not. When Ye Xiaoyang was ambitious, he offered to provide free counselling to one million senior candidates in the future. He set up a public number for this purpose. The reason for the student is simple: "I took 500 points. Can you let me go up north?" Is complete information more transparent? In 2007, before the formal functioning of the Inner Mongolia model, Lt. Zhang, an academic planner, thought about the logic of real-time reporting on his blog. In his view, real-time dynamic reporting achieved a “dynamic game under complete information” that turned “voluntary filing” into an extensive auction market. Zhang Heung Liang has thus become a strong supporter of the Inner Mongolia model. However, in 2013, Qin Chunhua, then Director of Admissions at Beijing University, wrote criticism of this pattern, arguing that the biggest problem was that “it assumes that the voluntary filing information provided by all candidates is true and always true. Qin Chunhua criticized the phenomenon of “placedom” — to fill in a high school, to occupy a seat until the last moment, and then to replace it with a school that he really wanted to go to. The game in the Inner Mongolia model has also left scholars with reservations. “The tendency to overplay is not a good motive for voluntary reporting, and the key to voluntary reporting is to allow each individual to find his or her own potential for advantage. The Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences researcher has told the southern press on weekends that “the dynamic approach may have led many to believe that there is an opportunity for chance of falling pies in the sky, which may pose a risk. Zhang has a different opinion. In his view, the Inner Mongolia model provides for “other people's access to the test, which is revealed! The information is completely transparent and allows for “a significant increase in the student's hit rate for volunteering”. As soon as the Inner Mongolia model was introduced, it became a media favour, and in a 2008 report in the South Metropolitan newspaper, journalists consulted specifically with the relevant officials of the Guangdong Provincial School of Education Examinations, with the possibility that the Inner Mongolia model could be replicated in the Penang. One of the responsible officials replied that technical support was not difficult, but that “the key question was whether candidates, parents and society could accept so much change in a short period of time”. Indeed, the Inner Mongolia model did have the potential to be replicated throughout the country. According to the Inner Mongolia Daily, in August 2011, when the Ministry of Education came to examine the guidance, it was reported that the Inner Mongolia model “is an innovation that benefits the public and deserves to be replicated”. According to the media, three years from now, Mongolia will run a new competitive examination and a parallel voluntary placement. Zhang is sad about this. “We know, of course, where real-time dynamics are good, as we can see.” A staff member of the Inner Mongolia Education Department revealed to a South weekend journalist, but she cannot compare the Inner Mongolia model to parallel volunteering, “In three years, parallel volunteering is about to take place, and should we say real-time dynamics are good or bad? Looking back at Qin Chunhua’s criticism of the Inner Mongolia model, he has yet another argument that can easily be ignored. He argues that the High Tests report volunteering, in addition to violating the rules of education, pushes the “score-only” theory to the extreme. There are not a few scholars with this view. They argue that a student who dares to fill out North China prior to his or her exam is likely to have an excellent performance in high school as a whole, which will take more into account his or her ability to do so over a longer period of time, rather than just a single exam. U Binjin, Associate Professor, School of Management, Qinghua University, analysed in 2012 the upper grades of the top college in which students had been enrolled and the higher grades of university studies over the past 10 years. She found that, while the post-graduation reports had led to an increase in school admissions, they had failed to improve students' performance at the university level, “even declining”. On this basis, the study found that successful students were weaker in terms of their ability to study and professional interest than those who had not voluntarily enrolled in parallel before the examination. In an article under review, Leisure and its collaborators examined in detail the probability of “reasonable jealousy” taking place in different models, using data from 2005-2011 for the higher examinations in each province. The results show that reforms in the provinces from sequential to parallel volunteering have significantly reduced the probability of “reasonable jealousy” occurring, with a consequent reduction in the proportion of repeaters. In another unpublished paper, the Inner Mongolia model was also examined with “reasonable jealousy” indicators. The results show that the Inner Mongolia model is not like parallel volunteering in terms of the quality of admission. Since inner Mongolia's competitive examination is done in different fractions, “early reporting that top-ranked candidates may be tested in more than one school, so that the scores of some schools may be overrated, thus making the ranking slightly lower, but in fact accepted candidates, `discouraged' ahead of schedule”. It also argued that “while the end of the reporting period will end with the early voluntary filing of senior candidates, there will still be a high and low score of candidates within the same section, and if the higher scores of candidates change their volunteers towards the end of the period, the lower scores of candidates may still be `unkilled' at the last minute. The fate changed by the data. In 2021, Ma Hongxia graduated from the Chinese language department of the Chinese Teacher Training University of Huadong and returned to the mother school of Ishikawa, one of the 500,000 students who had served with Ye Xiaoyang. Ma Xiaoyang's favorite candidate, who knows what she wants, who doesn't know what he's doing, who cares about the heat of a profession. However, Ma Hongxia, who was about to teach in high school, told the South's weekend journalists that her parents were teaching in every school in Ningxia. Before Ye Xiaoyang contacted her, he was under constant pressure from his family to study law or public administration. Prior to the intervention, the Ningxia School of Education texted Ma Hongxia, telling her that the girl who grew up in the city of Silvergawa would receive a free consultation. Ma Hongxi was convinced by her parents. She took 599 points, and hesitantly between the Chinese and Chinese teachers. Teachers and relatives told her that the Chinese masters were too risky and the Chinese masters were much more secure. Ma Yingxian was upset. The Tingqing study found that urban candidates were more willing to “go for it” in voluntary filings, while rural candidates were more conservative, and that “they did not have the courage to take the risk.” The data changed Ma Hongxia’s fate. Ye Xiaoyang’s team developed an AI system to estimate the success rate of voluntary filing. “Miss Ip told me that the probability of going to China is more than 80%.” Later, Ye Xiaoyang continued to refine the system, which looked like a fortune-teller, and in 2022, about 2,000 students learned how to volunteer from Ye Xiaoyang. But China does not have so many “Ma Hongxia”, and most of the senior candidates are on their own when they volunteer. On June 25, 2015, Henan Zhengzhou conducted a regular high-profile on-site consultation, and one candidate is currently browsing on student enrolments at higher education institutions. (Visual China/Figure) Wu Xiu-Sun remembers a girl he met at the enrolment office in that county town in Guizhou. The girl came alone to sign the teacher-student agreement, signed it, and cried. "I only know that I'm making a very important decision that will affect the future." “The urban child, the high school volunteer, has failed, and there is a possibility of correction. He knows that the family is his strong support and that he can study, study and leave the country in the future, and that there are other ways to achieve the goal.” Wu Qiu-Sun clearly knows that children in rural areas do not have much opportunity to correct the voluntary filing of errors. In recent years, changes in the admission system have taken place without notice. Over the weekend in the south, journalists noted that beginning in 2017, several provinces and cities in the south-west region began to attempt real-time Mongolian dynamic reporting. In July 2017, you were introduced for the first time in the City of Preah Vihear, and subsequently in the State's Sinan Secondary School, Copper-In-I, to varying degrees. In March 2022, the Sichuan Provincial School of Education informed that in this year's high-level job offers, until the end of the online report, candidates were free to decide whether to modify or adjust their volunteer service in institutions, depending on real-time dynamics. The Sichuan Education Examination Institute declined the interview of a South weekend journalist. Is there an almost perfect system of voluntary filing and admission, which, according to Happy, depends on which of the indicators system designers would want to maximize, “e.g. a definition of good performance is a better long-term average or a better final exam? Theoretically, pleasure is more inclined towards an unlimited number of parallel volunteer models. That is, ranking N candidates can choose all the remaining and potential candidates for higher education as his parallel volunteers, until they are accepted, and then consider ranking N+1 candidates, and so on. On June 28, 2021, high school graduates from Yongchang Kitayama High School in Chongqing reported their high test for voluntary service in the micro-mechanical room. (Visual China/Figure) The design of the new examination is close to the idea of leisure. In 2017, the two candidates started volunteering in “specialized + colleges” with a maximum of 80 and 96, respectively. However, Wu Qiu-Sun believes that there are too many options and problems in practice: “Students cannot be fully aware of 96 volunteers, many of which may not be known to them, dislike them, even to fill them up. Wu Xiushan is more concerned about the inequality factor in the filing mechanism. “The high score is about value judgements, what counts high, what counts low, and the match between the results and the results of the examination is not necessarily a problem, but if behind the phenomenon there are inequalities resulting from information asymmetries, such as information differences resulting from household economic conditions, that create advantages and disadvantages, then there is a need to address them and to promote equal access to information as much as possible. Ye Xiaoyang, for his part, looks forward to a long-term observation. He's recently planning a recollection of post-intervention student performance at the university and post-employment levels, which is going to be a huge project. This is a topic that deserves further discussion. Ma Hongxia has taken several scholarships in succession to graduate school. She might have been able to continue her studies at the University of Gangan. Her parents know all about it. In July 2022, Ma Hongxia's brother also reached the age of volunteering. Parents wanted him to go to school in the province. Ma Hongxia told him, "You're 18, which means that all other people's opinions are just advice to you." Eventually, my brother chose a university outside the province. At the request of the interviewer, Xiao Yi, Dong Zhi, and IoIin will be given an alias. The Southern weekend intern Wang Morningwoo will also contribute to this paper.

Note: This is a translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.

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