4700 years ago! Remains of large-scale prehistoric wooden structures unearthed in Hunan

2021-10-14: [Article Link]. Recently, the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology released the latest results of the excavation of the site in Changde Lixian County: the site of the excavation of a large wooden structure building relics, according to the research has been about 4700 years ago, this is the most clear and preserved prehistoric wooden building relics found in China. The main part of the wood structure excavated this time is at least 330 square meters, plus the outer corridor more than 500 square meters. The site of the chicken name was discovered in 1978, and a small-scale city wall anatomy was carried out in 1998, and a trial excavation was carried out in 2006, and three large-scale excavations were carried out in 2019, 2020 and 2021, this is the third large-scale excavation. Fan Xianjun, executive leader of the archaeological project of the Jishengcheng site in Lixian County, Hunan Province, introduced that the most important discovery this time was the discovery of a large number of wooden buildings, especially the site F63, its preservation status, scale, the unique processing technology and construction method are very rare in Chinese prehistoric archaeology. F63 the main building of this House is at least 330 square meters, the House not only has the main building, the periphery also has a corridor, the west and south have a corridor structure, the total area of more than 500 square meters. At the same time, archaeologists also found 22 tons of rice chaff here. About 5300-4600 years ago, the early chaff accumulation, covering an area of about 80 square meters and an average thickness of about 15cm, it is also one of the important discoveries of this excavation, reflecting that rice farming at the Jishuecheng site has developed to a very high level. According to the survey results, experts calculated that the rice produced these chaff reached 22 tons. The Jishucheng site is located in Jishicheng Village, Weinan Town, Lixian County, Changde City, Hunan Province. It belongs to the northeast of the Liyang Plain in Dongting Lake District and is a Neolithic city site. The archaeological exploration, the rooster crows cheng cheng within an area of about 150,000 square meters. After systematic archaeological drilling, the location of the city wall, moat and early ring trenches has been basically clarified. From last year to this year, the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology successively excavated the inside of the West City Wall three times, with an area of 721 square meters. More than 30 experts from the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the National Museum and other cultural and archaeological institutions, as well as Peking University, Zhejiang University, Sichuan University, Shandong University and other universities believe that, this latest excavation result is a very important archaeological discovery and is of great significance for studying the history of Chinese architecture and understanding the degree of development of early civilization. At the same time, its architectural shape and culture have inherited the past and continued to this day, which strongly proves the continuity of Chinese civilization and is a major new contribution of Hunan archaeology to exploring the civilization process in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River.

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