"Overview of the 60 Years of the All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese" Chapter 5 The Fifth Committee of the All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese (June 1994 - July 1999) Section 1
2022-08-08: [Article Link] Section I. Fifth National Conference of Repatriated Families
I. BACKGROUND AND PREPARATORY PROCESS OF THE CONFERENCE
(i) Background of the Conference
In the five years between the conclusion of the Fourth National Conference of Repatriated Families in 1989 and the convening of the Fifth National Congress of Repatriated Families in 1994, the country's economy has continued to grow rapidly, society has continued to progress and the consolidation of the country has further strengthened, with significant world-renowned achievements in all areas. In particular, under the symbol of the visit of Comrade Deng Xiaoping to important talks in the South in 1992 and the fourteenth party, the country has entered a new phase of reform, opening up and modernizing itself to a more Gabonese dynamic. The scope and scope of the opening up has expanded significantly, with the opening of 5 new cities along the river, 18 provincial capitals and 13 border cities, adding 34 more open ports and creating a fully fledged pattern of opening. In the light of the new situation, the State has made the necessary adjustments to the national economic and social development goals of the Eighth Five-Year Plan and has begun work on the formulation of the Ninth Five-Year Plan and the vision development goals for 2010. The Constitutional Amendment of the People's Republic of China was also adopted at the eighth session of the National People's Congress, held in mid-March 1993, in accordance with the reform objectives of the socialist market economy system established by the Party's Fourteenth Congress. This revision of the country's fundamental law, which highlights the theory of socialism with Chinese identity and the party's basic course, sets the implementation of the socialist market economy system as the goal of the reform of the country's economic system in the form of legislation, and is of great significance and far-reaching for further deepening reform, expanding openness and ensuring the development of socialist causes with Chinese identity. As the pace of reform and opening up accelerates, the important role of Chinese diasporas in promoting China’s modernization has also become apparent. According to statistics, foreign direct investment in mainland China has amounted to $26,885 billion over the 13 years of reform and opening up, of which overseas Chinese (including Hong Kong and Macao) invested approximately $17,932 billion, or two thirds. In 1991, the largest year of investment in mainland China by overseas Chinese and Hong Kong-Australian traders since reform and opening up, China actually used $4.4 billion in foreign investment, with overseas Chinese and Hong Kong-Australia-based investments estimated at $3.0 billion, reaching record levels, and beginning to rise to the third highest level after the two surges in foreign investment in 1984 and 1988. In furtherance of the positive role of our compatriots abroad in the process of revitalizing the Chinese nation, Comrade Deng Xiaoping made another important speech on 22 January 1993 on the occasion of the celebration of the New Spring and the occasion of the celebration with all the worlds of China, calling tens of millions of compatriots of patriots abroad “a unique opportunity” for China's development. The new situation, the new mandate, strengthens the sense of urgency and purpose of the Federation’s work. At a critical time when the country has embarked on a process of modernization and development, and as the Federation continues to make new progress in its work, the National Federation has welcomed the success of the Fifth National Conference of Repatriated Families.
(ii) Preparatory process
Pursuant to the resolution of the Committee at its four sessions at the end of 1992, on preparations for the Fifth National Conference of Repatriated Families, the Federation set up a constitutional revision group in July 1993 and a drafting group for the document in September. In accordance with the spirit of Comrade Deng Xiaoping's 14-point constitution on the construction of a socialist theory and party with Chinese identity, and taking into account the newly amended statutes of groups such as the All-China General Union of Trade Unions and the All-China Women's Federation, and on the basis of an extensive collection of opinions from associations of immigrants from all over the country, the revised statutes were repeatedly discussed at the four General Committee meetings of the All-China Federation, the six Standing Committee meetings and the President's office meetings, and were reviewed and amended by the Central Office of the Communist Party and the Central Secretariat of the Chinese Republic, which submitted draft amendments to the statutes. This revision of the statute is guided by the idea of improving, adapting and supplementing some of its provisions to make them more complete and operational, taking into account the new experience in practice throughout the country over the years, while maintaining the general framework of the original statute. Since July 1993, the drafting group has been preparing seven drafts of the Report of the Working Group for a period of 10 months. Throughout the drafting of the report, the Federation consulted widely with the associations, drafted an outline of the report and requested them to compile a survey of their work in recent years, and published it among the provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central and South-West Provinces. The first draft and the first and second drafts of the report were prepared following a symposium on the association of immigrants between the cities of the six provinces of China and China and the seven provinces of South-West China. The second draft of the Report on the Work of the Committee was discussed at the fourth session of the Standing Committee and the fourth and fifth sessions of the Committee in early December 1993. Following the meeting, the drafting group revised the third and fourth drafts of the report on the work of the Working Group, issued the fourth draft in January 1994 to the associations of the provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and municipalities with separate plans, again sought comments and suggestions, revised the fifth draft, and revised the sixth draft in mid-May, after careful discussion by the FNC President's office, to be submitted for central approval. On 3 June, the Deputy Prime Minister received a briefing from the National Federation of Immigrants on the preparations for the Fifth National Conference of Repatriated Families, and the Central Office of the Communist Party of China submitted a draft report on its work and draft amendments to the statute to the relevant authorities. On 7 June, the Central Registry of the Communist Party of China, chaired by Comrade Hu Jintao, convened its 13th meeting to consider the Report on the Work of the National Federation of Foreigners and the draft amendments to the Statute. The meeting, which was attended by the relevant Central and State Department leaders and the principals of 12 departments, agreed in principle to the National Federation of Emigrants to send a review and requested the Federation to seek the views of the relevant authorities on the basis of the discussions at the meeting and the Central Office, and to make further amendments to the Report on the Work of the Working Group for consideration by the Standing Committee and the Congress of Representatives. On 9 June, the Steering Group for the Preparatory Process convened an expanded meeting, which culminated in the seventh draft of the Report of the Work for consideration by the Standing Committee and the Assembly of Representatives, in the spirit of the instructions given by the Central Registry. II. OVERVIEW OF THE SESSION
(i) Opening ceremony
The Fifth National Conference of Repatriated Families was held in Beijing from 14 to 18 June 1994 and was attended by 812 delegates and special invitees from all over the country. Of these, 42 representatives from Hong Kong and Australia and 11 from Taiwan Province; 606 from former expatriates and 206 from families living in 24 countries; 27 from ethnic minorities such as Return, Mongolia and Uighur; 247 from democratic and non-partisan parties; 606 from higher and higher levels of education, representing approximately 73.4 per cent of the total number of delegates; and many from among the most advanced individuals who have made outstanding achievements and contributions in various occupations. Prior to the opening of the Congress, the party and national leaders, Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Li Rilong, Hu Jintao, Yong Yin-in, Chan Qi Sam, Rajajun, Wang Guangying, Cheng Shi-yeong, Wang Yi-gong, Api Ahwang-mi, Ye Fei and Fang Yi, welcomed all delegates to the Conference and took a photo of them. During the meeting, Mr. Jiang Zemin, Secretary-General of the Central People's Republic of China, delivered an important speech, at the outset, on behalf of the Central Chinese Republic and the State Council, warmly congratulated the General Assembly, extended his best wishes to the large number of returnees, dependants and expatriates, and extended his kind greetings to the cadres and expatriate workers at all levels. He also values “the outstanding contribution of the diaspora, the diaspora and the diaspora to the revitalization of the nation and nation-building”, and encourages the wider diaspora and the diaspora “to take advantage of the opportunities, take advantage of the big picture, unite and struggle to create new conditions for the work of the diaspora and to contribute more to the revitalization of China and the reunification of the homeland, guided by the theory that Comrade Deng Xiaoping is building a socialism characterized by China”. On 14 June, at 3.30 p.m., the General Assembly opened its solemn session in the People's Hall, with the participation of the leaders of the Hu Jintao, Qian Qichen, Rajajong, Chengxing, Wang Moo, Api Ahwang-mi and the heads of ministries and departments of central State institutions, democratic parties and people's groups. The opening ceremony was moderated by the Vice-President of the National Federation of Immigrants, Huang Changshun, and the Vice-President of the National Federation of Immigrants, Hoshiping, made an opening statement. Deputy Prime Minister Chen Qichen delivered a message of greetings on behalf of the Central and State Councils of the Communist Party of China. Following an invitation to attend the opening ceremony by some 3,000 members of the diaspora cadres of the city of Beijing and central State agencies, the President of the Fourth Committee of the All-China Federation, Yoo Lin, presented a report on the work of the Fourth Committee, entitled " Making a new contribution to the great cause of revitalizing China's united homeland ". The opening of the conference was also featured in major newspapers and local newspapers in the capital.
(ii) Consideration of the main agenda and the Report of the Work and the Proposed Amendments to the Constitution (draft)
1. Main agenda of the General Assembly
With the close attention of the Party Central and the State Council, and thanks to the joint efforts of all delegates, the Fifth National Congress of Repatriated Families was launched as a “Solidarity, Power, Truth and Progress” conference. The main tasks accomplished by the Congress were: first, to consider and adopt the report on the work of the Fourth Committee of the China Association of Expatriates; secondly, to discuss and adopt the new Charter of the China Association of Expatriates; thirdly, to elect the Fifth Committee of the China Federation of Expatriates; fourthly, to hire the current Board of Advisors and Honorary Members of the Federation of Chinese Expatriates; and fifthly, to recognize the advanced collectives and individuals who have contributed to the Eighth Plan and the Ten-Year Plan. Other important elements were arranged during the Conference. On the afternoon of 15 June, Deputy Prime Minister Chen Qi Xin gave an important report on the Foreign Affairs Situation and Expatriation Policy to all delegates and some of the residents of the capital. On the morning of 16 June, the members of the Central Military Commission and the Director of the General Political Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) met with representatives of the military at the Congress and spoke with them. On the morning of 18 June, Mr. Yao-Yo, Director of the South Yong-Fang Group, in support of the construction of the Chinese Hong Kong Museum of History, invited Professor Wu Men-hyun, Chairman of the Ishi-Guan Federation in Fujian Province, and the Chairman of the Xi-Giangzhou Hua-Jing Group, Chen Heung, to make a progress report. In the afternoon of 18 June, in order to support the construction of the Hong Kong Museum in China, Mr. Yao-Yo, Director of the South Yong-Fang Group, contributed 300,000 yuan yuan to the General Assembly, among others. Local diaspora associations have also taken full advantage of their participation in the Congress to learn from each other and to promote understanding, with a total of 91 examples of experience-sharing materials distributed by local diasporas during the Congress. The Congress also recognized the 899 senior expatriate workers, including Lin Shuixian, who contributed to the realization of the 8th Plan and the 10-year Plan, as well as 96 advanced groups, such as the Guangzhou City Federation of Immigrants, and awarded the Ten-Jing Award for Nominations and the Ten-Jing Award, respectively. The top ten of the diaspora are: Myshu Slamu (Wei), Su-Yi, Wu Men-hyun, Chen Heung-hyun (Women), Chen Dynasty, Cheng Yi-hwa (Women), Zhang Xinya, Han Yu-Ling (Women), Tsai Shi Jia, Yin Kyung-hwa University. 2. Consideration and adoption of the report of the Working Group
The Report on the Work of the Conference, submitted for consideration at the Conference, takes stock, in a pragmatic spirit, of the main achievements and basic experiences of the 15 years of reform and opening-up of the Federation, identifies the shortcomings and problems faced by the Federation, and sets out several areas of guidance and focus for the next five years. The first part reviews and summarizes new developments in the work of diasporas in five areas: on the one hand, the party and the Government have further strengthened their leadership of diasporas; on the other hand, diasporas at all levels have contributed actively to the reform of openness and economic development services; on the other hand, there have been breakthroughs in the establishment of the rule of law for migrants; on the other hand, outreach efforts within the sea have become more active; and on the other hand, there have been significant developments in the development of diasporas themselves. The second part describes the main experiences and experiences of the diaspora since the reform and opening up: first, relying on party and government leadership and support is a fundamental guarantee of the development of the diaspora; second, building services for reform, openness and modernization is a central part of the Federation's work; third, maximizing the role of grass-roots organizations is a basis for the good work of the diaspora; fourth, upholding the legitimate and legitimate rights and interests of returnees, dependants and expatriates in accordance with the law is a fundamental purpose of the Federation's work; fifth, training and improving the quality of its cadres is a strategic task for the Federation; sixth, the broad, service and foreign character of the Federation is an enabling condition for the development of the cause of the diaspora. Part III sets out a number of areas in which the work will be guided and focused over the next five years: one is to bring together the large numbers of returnees, dependants and expatriates in order to make a new contribution to accelerating the reform of open and modernity; the other is to enhance political participation and democratic oversight and to promote the full implementation of the Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Repatriated Families and its Means of Implementation; the third is to build on the strengths of the civil society of diaspora organizations and to create a new context for outreach; the fourth is to play an active role in the building of a socialist spiritual civilization; and the fifth is to strengthen the reform and building of the association itself. Following the deliberations of the breakout group, on the afternoon of 18 June, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the report of the work of the fourth session of the Commission, in which it approved the report of the Chair on the work of the fourth session on behalf of the Commission and agreed on the guidelines and tasks set out in the report on the work of diaspora associations for the coming period.
3. Consideration and adoption of amendments to the Constitution (draft)
On the afternoon of 18 June, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the Statute of the National Association of Returned Chinese Citizens of China, which was discussed in a subgroup of the General Assembly on the Amendment (Draft) to the Constitution.
The Fifth Constitution, compared with the Fourth Constitution, has been amended or supplemented in seven main areas, namely, general rules, title, mandate, membership, principles of organization, national and local organizations, and has added a new section on assets of associations of migrants.
(1) General Part: The general rule is no longer expressed as a chapter in the form of a provision, but is replaced by four separate paragraphs in the text, which adds that “repatriation to the diaspora and the diaspora has made a significant contribution to the advancement and prosperity of the Chinese nation and is an important force in China's modernization”.
(2) Name segment: Replace the acronym “National Association of Chinese National Repatriates” with “National Association of Chinese Diasporas”, mainly to facilitate external contacts, and also to take into account the fact that some places abroad often refer to “National Association of Chinese Diasporas” as such. The full name remains the same. This is because the full name of the association, like the national people’s groups, has a long history and has been recognized as a constituent unit of the National Political Consultative Assembly, as well as a clear expression in the Law on the Enforcement of the Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Repatriates, which, if changed, would involve a number of issues under current law. In addition, in order to give full expression to the role of more than 30 million “family members” in the cause of diasporas, the fifth edition of the Statute changed the term “National Congress of Repatriates to China” to “National Congress of Repatriated Families”. (3) Part of the mandate: The main changes are the provision of article 7 of the original article 11 of the Constitution; article 1 of the mandate was added “to learn from Comrade Deng Xiaoping's theory of socialism with a Chinese character”; article 2 of the mandate was supplemented by the construction of the centre of the economy, with four levels of articulation of the specific tasks of the association in the service of economic development; and articles 6, 7 and 8 of the former Constitution were merged to spell out the tasks of the association's political participation and the promotion of socialist democracy and the rule of law in the expression “four participants”. (4) Membership: In view of the practical impossibility of “individual membership of associations of immigrants at the county level and above”, as provided for in the previous Constitution, the Fifth Charter was changed to “group membership of associations of immigrants at the county level and above in China, including the county level”, and “individual membership of associations of migrants at the grass-roots level may also be introduced. (5) Organizational principles: The fifth Constitution changed the chapter “Principles of Organization” to the chapter “Institutional System”; added that “Repatriate delegates at all levels shall have the status of expatriates and dependants”; and added the phrase “all levels of the association shall have legal personality and its institutions shall be protected by law” in the spirit of the General Principles of Civil Law of the People's Republic of China and the Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Repatriates. (6) The National Organization Section: In order to achieve broad solidarity with prominent figures in the country and beyond, it was added that “a well-known member of society who works with the diaspora, both within and outside the country, may be recruited as an adviser and honorary member of the China Association of Overseas People, as required”; and that in order to facilitate the development of a successor, the Fifth Constitution introduced new provisions in this section “the President of the Federation of Chinese Overseas Persons, the full-time Vice-President and the Secretary-General shall constitute the office meeting of the President, which shall conduct the day-to-day work in accordance with the resolutions of the Standing Committee” and “the office of the Chairman may employ a number of Under-Secretary-General”. (vii) Local organization: This is supplemented by the new provisions in the above-mentioned “National Organization Section” and by provisions guaranteeing the status of local diasporas at all levels in accordance with the spirit of the relevant documents, as well as the strengthening of the guidance given by associations at higher levels to the work of associations at the lower levels.
(8) Assets component: This chapter has been added to better protect the assets of the association in the context of the socialist market economy, providing that: “All levels of the association shall, in accordance with the law, manage, use and protect the assets in their possession, including movable and immovable property allocated by the State, and receive donations from social groups and individuals. Any organization or individual may not violate it.” The revised Charter of the Federation of Chinese Emigrants meets the requirements of Comrade Deng Xiaoping to build a socialist market economy with Chinese-specific socialism, enhances awareness of the need to work and defend their rights and interests in accordance with the law, and plays an important guiding role in strengthening the future work and organization of the Association. (iii) Election of personnel and closing session
On the morning of 17 June, the General Assembly considered the adoption of the method of election, the teller and the head of the board; the adoption of the appointment of a consultant and honorary member of the China diaspora association; and the election by secret ballot of the members of the Fifth Committee of the China diaspora association. At the fourth meeting of the Bureau, held in the afternoon, Vice-President Xu Fong began by presenting the list of consultations and recommendations of the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary-General, Standing Committee candidates of the Fifth Committee of the China Federation of Overseas Persons; subsequently, the list of recommendations of the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary-General, Standing Committee candidates and of the Steering Group for the Election of Five Sessions of the Committee, as well as the methodology for the election of the Fifth Session of the Committee of the China Federation of Independent Nationalities, the Chief Executive Officer and the list of tellers recommended; and subsequently, the newly elected members of the Fifth Committee of the China Federation convened the first meeting of the Committee. On the basis of the newly adopted Charter of the Federation of Chinese Immigrants, the members elected the Standing Committee and the Vice-President, Comrade Yang Taifan, Guhuamin, Jiang Shiping, Chu Tianhua, Chen Lantung, Chen Binh-hwan, Lim Li-hwan, Lo Hae-chul, Guo, Guo Xi-kyung, Huang Chang-chun, Huang Qi-hing, Huang Qi-Hing, Huang Ji-hing, Huang Jin-hyu, and Liao Chan-fiang, 14 new leaders of the Vice-Presidents (Commander Zhu and Secretary-General). Yang Taifan, who was elected President of the new CIVICUS, said that the five-year term of the fifth CIVICUS would be a crucial period for the establishment of the socialist market economy system and the realization of the second-step development goal of socialist modernization, as well as the most favourable period for the work of the diaspora. To that end, he called on diasporas at all levels to work proactively and effectively towards a new step in their work, focusing closely on the larger picture of “takes the opportunity, deepens reforms, expands openness, promotes development and maintains stability” proposed by the party centre. In his closing address to the General Assembly, President Yeung Taifan reiterated the priorities of the Federation for the next five years: first, to continue to make economic development a central task of the Federation, to make full use of its unique advantages, to play the role of a bridge and a link and to contribute to the greater introduction of capital, technology and talent from abroad; secondly, to enhance its participation in political consultation and democratic oversight in the process of political participation, political negotiation and the acceleration of the rule of law in our diaspora; thirdly, to expand and strengthen its outreach efforts in the region, to reach out to old friends, to reach new friends, to extend it to areas such as the economy and trade, science and technology, culture, education, health, sports, etc., in order to make the world more aware of China and to bring it closer to the world; fourthly, in the spirit of the Central Chinese Communist Party's decision on the institutional reform of the people's community, to strengthen and build the Federation's own reform and building, ensuring that its associations at all levels become “communes, homes” and homes, which are highly trusted by the diasporas and the diaspora. He called on all levels of the national diaspora to study seriously Comrade Deng Xiaoping's idea of building a socialism with Chinese identity, to fully implement the 14 pillars of the Party, to carry out the Party's basic course with determination, to play its full role in the reform, opening and modernization of the country, and to shoulder its historic task of honour. On the afternoon of 19 June, the fifth five-day National Conference of Repatriated Families was successfully concluded, with the Vice-President of Huang presiding over the closing session, which was attended by comrade Wang Guangying, Chengxiang, Yang Yu, and the heads of relevant departments such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. At the end of the closing session, the Federation held its fifth meeting of the Standing Committee, at which President Yang Taifan made a statement on the implementation of the spirit of the “Five Generations.” The following day, the People’s Daily published a commenter’s article in the first edition of its foreign edition, “Doing well for the diaspora,” warmly congratulating the Congress on its success. (Signed: Xiaoyeon)