Resolutely stop the wind of formalism proof, and consolidate and deepen the reform results of 'delegating power, delegating power, regulating services' in epidemic prevention
2022-06-03: [Article Link] Original title: Severely brake the wind of formalist proof, consolidate and deepen the results of the reform of "deregulation and service" in epidemic prevention
The situation of epidemic prevention and control is grim, and all over the world are making unremitting efforts to achieve the goal of "dynamic zero". However, during the epidemic, the prevention and control measures of a few local governments were "increased layer by layer" and "one size fits all". Various certification materials were once abused, which caused troubles to the masses, and virtually also had a certain diminishing effect on the results of the "deregulation service" reform. Effect.
In order to restrict people's mobility in some areas, they ignored the good experience of the previous "deregulation service" reform, and instead required people to frequently provide paper certification materials and letters of commitment, sometimes both online and offline certification materials are required. For example, when some places apply for commuter permits to enter Beijing for people who commute around Beijing, they have required a number of paper supporting documents such as residence, work, and residence. Among them, it is required to have a "certificate of the place where the work unit is located" issued by the neighborhood committee where the work unit is located in Beijing. However, this certificate could not be issued by the neighborhood committee, and after multiple reports, it was replaced by a social security certificate. Not long after applying for the paper commuter pass, the local area announced that the paper version of the commuter pass was invalid and changed to the electronic version, and people had to reissue it.
As another example, at present, nucleic acid testing institutions will provide electronic reports, but many places have produced a variety of cards to distribute to everyone who has completed nucleic acid. People must hold these cards when traveling for business. What's more, some rural areas produce spring plowing permits that are issued in limited quantities and used regularly. Farmers must go to the ground to do farm work with a permit, otherwise they will face penalties.
In the early stage of the fight against the epidemic in 2020, the epidemic broke out suddenly, and the government's preparations were insufficient, and it was excusable to take some extraordinary measures. However, after more than two years of epidemic prevention and control, such certification materials are still popular, reflecting the laziness and inaction of some places.
In the past, all kinds of certification materials have been flying all over the world, and there have been wonderful requirements to "prove that you are you". Proof was originally just a means, and it cannot be proved to prove it, making the proof itself an end. The "deregulation and service" reform aims to simplify government and decentralize power, strengthen government supervision, innovate public services, and establish a new system of government services based on credit and commitment. The reform of "deregulation service" uses emerging information technology to solve the problems of data sharing and business collaboration, and adopts innovative measures such as "run at most once", no face-to-face approval, and second approval, so that data can run more roads and the masses can run less errands.
It was the reform of "deregulation and service" implemented for many years before the epidemic that laid a solid foundation for digital epidemic prevention. Epidemic prevention and control cannot allow the results of the reform of "deregulation and service" to be lost, so that the good practices that have been formed and promoted can be abandoned. In a sense, epidemic prevention and control is also an opportunity to accelerate the reform of "deregulation services", and it is necessary to further consolidate, deepen, and test the reform of "deregulation services" during the epidemic.
At present, it is necessary to co-ordinate the relationship between epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and creatively solve complex problems, so as not to lose one another. On May 25th, Premier Li Keqiang pointed out in a national teleconference held by the State Council to stabilize the economic market that the "deregulation and service" reform method should be used to optimize the policy implementation process. He emphasized that the continuous solution of difficult and difficult problems is a test of the administrative ability of governments at all levels.
Governments at all levels should increase their supervision and review efforts to clarify the insurmountable "bottom line" of epidemic prevention measures. Severely brake the wind of formalism's proof, and correct the irregularities in epidemic prevention in a timely manner. For example, the Hefei Municipal government requires the district and county governments to go through a municipal legitimacy review when introducing epidemic prevention policies to eliminate such strange certificates at the source.
Many intercity migrant populations are separated from work and residence, and frequently travel between neighboring cities. It is necessary to promote the establishment of a linkage mechanism for epidemic prevention and control in regional and urban agglomerations, and strive to crack the institutional barriers to population movement across provinces and cities, and resolutely break through the wonderful proof. Encourage all regions to establish urban brands through scientific, accurate and temperature-based epidemic prevention, so that epidemic prevention services can become a plus for cities to polish their business cards.
It is necessary to further accelerate the construction of a digital government and use the national integrated government service platform to promote the digital transformation of epidemic prevention. Taking epidemic prevention and control as a breakthrough, vigorously promote cross-regional, cross-level and cross-departmental data sharing, and reduce or even eliminate unnecessary certifications. For example, Shenzhen and other places combine multiple codes such as health codes, travel codes, nucleic acid test certificates, and ride codes, so that people can scan them while traveling in traffic, which greatly facilitates citizens' travel.
(Ma Liang, the author is a researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy of Renmin University of China and a professor at the School of Public Administration)