Internationalization of higher education achieves positive results
2022-08-08: [Article Link] Internationalization of higher education has always been an important issue of concern and importance to States in the field of education, not only as a means of modernizing education, but also as an important element. The concept and shape of the internationalization of higher education is highly influenced by the pattern of international economic and social development, which has received attention and attention from countries, including in terms of setting objectives, building systems and organizing models, and many countries have undertaken practical research in this regard, with positive results. Attention to the internationalization of higher education
For example, in 1999, 29 European countries co-signed the Bologna Declaration in Bologna, Italy, which introduced the European Plan for the Reform of Higher Education and launched the Bologna Process. The aim of the programme is to make better use of the potential of higher education in the countries concerned, to bring about the movement of students and teaching staff within the European context, to establish sound, uniform and comparable mechanisms for the recognition of degrees among the countries concerned, to promote the internationalization of higher education in Europe, particularly in the European Union region, and to increase the attractiveness of European higher education in the world, in parallel with the creation of the “European Higher Education Area” and the upgrading of the quality of higher education in Europe. Guided by the Bologna Declaration and later the Prague Proclamation, the Berlin Proclamation, the Bergen Declaration, among others, a number of European countries have undertaken reforms in the degree system, the credit system, etc. The interconnectivity of the degree system is a prerequisite for the establishment of the “European Higher Education Area”, but there are differences in the system of higher education in the European countries concerned in terms of historical background and level of development. For example, Germany's original system of higher education degrees is at two levels: the Bologna process, which opened, led to the introduction and establishment of a three-level system of academic, academic and academic degrees to facilitate international exchange and cooperation. Qualifications are an important factor to be overlooked in evaluating the effectiveness of a student's learning and are used primarily to indicate what amount of studies a student needs to complete in order to obtain a diploma or reach a certain level. Countries involved in the Bologna process have introduced the European Credit Conversion and Accumulation System, through which credits are exchanged and certified between different institutions of higher learning, allowing students to continue their studies on a wider scale. In conjunction with the Socrates Teachers Interaction Project and the Erasmus programme, the Bologna Process has increased the attractiveness of European universities to students from other regions. The British government and higher education institutions have made many efforts to internationalize higher education. First, they have developed multi-level and multi-level international student intake plans, developed a strong market for study abroad, and actively recruited students from abroad to study in the United Kingdom. In order to attract more foreign students, British universities are also active in building overseas branches, research centres, cooperating in school activities, offering online courses that enable foreign students to study and acquire relevant degrees and degrees from British universities without having to leave their home countries. Third, the international reach of higher education institutions is enhanced by building academic and scientific capacity and innovation. International cooperation in scientific research is a priority for British universities, and 46% of the scientific papers published by British scholars are published in cooperation with scholars from other countries. Singapore also attached greater importance to the internationalization of higher education and to encouraging higher education institutions to adopt modern educational organization management models and to engage in international cooperation and exchanges with foreign higher education institutions. For example, the National University of Singapore has established partnerships with world-renowned institutions of higher learning such as Cambridge University and Tsinghua University, and has co-founded Yale-Singapore National University Colleges with Yale University. China's internationalization of higher education is steadily moving forward
“Openness” is an inherent and fundamental characteristic of education. In China’s ancient times, many sages attach great importance to communication with others. Confucius, for example, believes that we should do “more to hear, to choose from those who do good, and to learn more from them”, “the three will be our masters, and the evil ones will be the ones who choose them”. Since the establishment of the new China, the cause of internationalization of higher education has achieved remarkable achievements, passing on the educational philosophy and style of higher education in China worldwide. At present, some of the country's leading institutions of higher education have achieved important results in the internationalization of higher education, and have served as a model in terms of the introduction of talent from abroad and the deepening of international cooperation projects. In June 2020, the Opinion on Accelerating and Expanding Open Education for a New Era (hereinafter referred to as " the Opinion " ) was officially published in eight departments, including the Ministry of Education, and focused on the opening up of education for a new era. The Opinion proposes to intensify the reform of the educational system in China and abroad, to improve the operation of higher education institutions outside the country, to continue to promote reforms involving students studying abroad, students studying in China, foreign experts and foreign teachers, and to promote a more mature legal system in the relevant fields. The pursuit of a more comprehensive, higher-level, and Chinese-specific approach to the internationalization of higher education requires advanced theoretical guidance and the expansion of global practice. The Chinese Communist Party led the people’s successful exit from the Chinese-style modernization path, creating a new form of human civilization. The new form of human civilization is the flower of civilization, the fruit of civilization created by the path of modern Chinese-style education. It provides both a new era for the internationalization of higher education and a direction for the continued internationalization of higher education. A greater understanding of the new forms of human civilization, with its broad global perspective, provides a world vision and wider horizon for the internationalization of higher education. A deeper understanding of the new forms of human civilization can help us to make clearer judgements about world development trends and thus gain a more accurate understanding of the development objectives of the internationalization of higher education and the way forward. Since the introduction of the One Way initiative, there has been a positive response from countries and regions along the way. Thailand is an important economy along the One Way, and cooperation in higher education between China and Thailand has a real basis and great potential. Thailand, with 28600 students in 2018, ranks second among the countries of origin of Chinese-speaking students, with the largest cumulative number of volunteers receiving Chinese-language teachers since the twenty-first century. The Government of Thailand has responded positively to the “one-way” initiative by giving greater resilience and development space to cooperative exchanges between China and Thailand in the field of higher education, which could also have a radiological and catalytic effect on other countries in the South-East Asian region. Because of its geography and historical reasons, Serbia also plays an important role in building “all the way.” As cooperation in the economic sphere deepens, exchanges and cooperation between the two countries in the field of education, particularly in higher education, have made important progress. The internationalization of higher education is a two-way interaction process, and the exchange of ideas implies the harmonization of inputs and exports. In the process of internationalization of higher education, my country is not only an importer but also an active exporter, and it should be understood that it is a matter of incorporating its own experience into the practice of international cooperation exchanges. In order to fulfil this mission and to upgrade the internationalization of higher education, international exchange and cooperation is an important task to be undertaken by universities, which need to further develop the concepts and management of their institutions, as well as to introduce China's culture, academic thinking, philosophy and educational experience to the international community and contribute to the enhancement of China's international influence and voice in the field of higher education. (This is the result of a special study by Xi Jinping, Secretary-General for Human Destiny during the World War Illustration, by the Faculty of Thoughts of the Ministry of Education, on the importance of the Community of Human Destiny and the teaching of China's Action in the University of Higher Education Institute of Thought and Politics (20SZK10299001), and by the School of Marxistism of Jiangsu University on the construction of an education curriculum for intellectual and political education in the age of artificial intelligence (2021-2022).
(author: Marxist Institute, Jiangsu University)