Chinese-funded mobile phones in India: wandering and suffering


2022-08-08: [Chinese Article Link]  It would not be a reasonable and sufficiently marketable judgement to assume that the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry would easily exit the Indian market in large quantities at this stage. Starting in 2020, under the influence of Covid-19 Pandemic, Internet practitioner Liu gradually reduced the business development process in India until Chinese Internet software was further banned locally and he eventually withdrew completely. In India, he was also a mobile operator and gradually expanded to the offline channel, and, with total withdrawal, he ceased to operate locally. Liu is one of the cases in which local governments have influenced them over the years, forcing them to leave the Indian market. More particularly, rice, OPPO, and vivo have recently been subjected to a wave of official Indian tax checks, and have subsequently been accused of tax evasion of up to billions of yuan, some of which have been frozen and others have been offered to collect taxes. Recently, CEO Zhao Ming was interviewed by the glory terminal, saying that the team in India had been withdrawn, but that having partners in India and starting operations, it would take a sound approach to local development. This has brought the business environment in India to the forefront of the debate again. It's just that, on objective terms, India is a “beautiful” market: there's a huge demographic dividend that is still growing, the tide of change continues, and the price of cellular consumer unit rises - conditions that are very attractive to the mobile phone industry. Of course, India’s business environment has not improved. Many people in India’s supply chains who have developed their business have pointed out to journalists that tax problems have plagued their business since they started operating in India, and that they should change when they need it. Tax checks have also occurred in other overseas firms, such as Samsung. In the face of this “love and hate” presence, it is certain that it is unrealistic to completely withdraw from the Indian market, especially since a relatively strong Chinese mobile phone industry ecology has been built on the ground; but perhaps it is imperative to actively follow a range of local policies and related development strategies to grow up in consultation. In an objective sense, India is an attractive market: there is a huge demographic dividend that is still growing, the tide of the switch continues, and the price of cellular consumer unit rises - conditions that are very attractive for the mobile phone industry. Indian tug-and-go. For any industry, it is an enduring law that, after one market has entered a period of stabilization and maturity, it is expanding into other emerging markets. India is one of the destinations with these characteristics. Around 2016, many mobile phone industries, including Liudu, continued to build locally in India under the influence of major terminals, including mills such as mills. This, of course, is also related to local tariffs on imported products to promote “Indian manufacture.” In the interim, Noyda, a large and small company, became a highly eco-consolidated area of the Chinese mobile hardware supply chain, a trend that has gradually been followed by large terminals from China. According to researcher Counterpoint, the share of Chinese mobile brands in India increased significantly from 14% to 45% in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. In comparison, India’s share of indigenous brands declined from 54% to 20% in the same period. To date, only three of the top five local brands come from South Korea. Prachir Singh, Senior Counterpoint Analyst, analyzes to the 21st Century Economic Reporters that Indian brands cannot compete positively with Chinese brands because scale benefits give Chinese brands great advantages in pricing and product specification configurations. Driven by both local market size and policy, India’s stable top-state production plants have also continued to expand in recent years. According to the above-mentioned institutions, by the first quarter of 2022, OPPO ranked first by 21.6%, followed by Samsung, and Vivo and Honghai’s subsidiaries by over 11%, respectively, in the third and fourth places. By contrast, however, neither China nor glory seems to have been actively involved in India. An insider of a mobile phone vendor analyzes economic reporting for the twenty-first century, and on the basis of Māori performance, honours and unwillingness to actively try in India. But his vendor has already made a profit in India through a scale development model. According to one industry observer, honour had previously been three-way through the Indian market, but with little success, it had entered the Indian market with a high-end machine without much resonance. This may also be the reason why it is relatively easy to announce the withdrawal of the team and to continue to operate in India as a partner - a large market that cannot be abandoned, but because of its own modest upfront input, its mode of operation may have room to explore. For the time being, this option of glory may appear to be only a few. Liu has indicated to journalists that, as far as he knows, no cellular chain vendor has left, and a certain percentage may come from the area of trade services. “Major terminals such as OVM are located, it can be said, 80-90 per cent of the supply chain is running for them, and these manufacturers will not leave as long as the mobile phone terminals remain. The numbers are not good, and I have a rough estimate that the maximum number of evacuations will be between 10% and 20%.” The Secretary-General of the Chinese-Indian Electronics (Mobile Phone) Business Association (CMA), Yang Shing, also told the 21st Century Economic Reporter, “I understand that the overall strategy in India remains unchanged in the current Chinese brands and supply chain manufacturers in India. For example, there is currently no significant change in development planning in India, whether it is large-scale terminal mills for mills, OPPOs and vivos, sound transmissions, modular plants, screens, smaller-scale service chains such as data lines, chargers and equipment. “With a global view, India is an indispensable market for maintaining brand growth and vitality.” He continued that, while it is true that at present Indian companies face difficulties such as tax checks, business clearances, etc., this is a temporary difficulty from a commercial point of view and does not change the attractiveness of the market itself. “We have not seen China’s smartphone companies exit the Indian market. All OEM manufacturers (for terminals like OVM) have invested heavily in the development of the cellular biosphere in India. At the same time, India is the second largest smartphone market in the world, but there is still a segment of the population that is not connected, making it a profitable market, especially at entry and economic levels. In this way, Prachir Singh analyses to journalists that, because of competitive prices and product definitions, Chinese brands are in the lead in the Indian smart market and that the filling of vacancies would be a difficult task for other existing players if a Chinese-owned manufacturer were to withdraw. I'm in trouble. Undeniably, the present predicament does exist. Since the beginning of the year, the China Capital Terminal has been subjected to a joint review by an official, multisectoral Indian government, focusing mainly on taxation. However, India's tax system has always been complex and constantly changing, while combining the impact of multiple external factors has created difficulties for local operators. The challenge for Chinese companies operating in India, which was analysed by Yang Sheung to journalists, is three-fold: being checked for taxes is the biggest challenge; there is also strict scrutiny of existing work and business signatures for employees; and there are no visa applications from management and technical staff of Chinese companies prior to their travel to India. “These three challenges put Chinese enterprises in a difficult period in India.” He further analysed the reasons for them, including the impact of international relations and the localization of business operations. Tax issues have been a continuing problem for middle-income firms operating in India. Many of the supply chain producers who have operated in India have mentioned to journalists that India’s tax policy has been changing over the years, for example with regard to the different production and transportation of different parts and components. This is understandable. “This aspect is related to the attitude of the ruling party in India, which may face similar problems in any country; on the other hand, because it is true that it cannot be changed, we can only appeal to Chinese companies to actively adapt to and face such changes and to understand and interpret Indian tax laws.” Yang is also telling the truth that the business environment in India is in need of improvement, and that there are still problems of rough enforcement. “But the mobile phone industry chain is the first Chinese investor to go out to sea, and there is now a large, large-scale, systemic chain of industry that has migrated to manufacturing in India in the past. In response, Prachir Singh argued that the Government of India had not yet wished to project these surveys as “a blow to Chinese businesses”, as this would not give a clear picture of the business environment and the “Indian manufacturing” scheme in India. “The mobile phone business has always been the banner of the `Indian Manufacturing' initiative, which the Government considers an achievement, and we believe that these investigations appear to be due to inconsistent understanding of the tax system, which will be resolved in due course. We believe that all these investigations have had little impact on the Chinese brand, which will continue to lead the Indian smartphone ecosystem.” Of course, as a non-manufacturing type of enterprise, Liu is in contrast to a group that is more affected. He stated to the 21st Century Economic Reporter that, after the onset of the 2019 epidemic, and given the uncertainty of the future, as well as the beginning of a measure of ban on Internet-type enterprises, he had left online operators with the option of leaving or not, including through salary reductions. “These initiatives have contributed to a certain extent to the unemployment of a larger number of people, especially during the current economic downturn, where locals find it harder and harder to find jobs. According to Liu, to a certain extent, these employees, who saw changes in their behaviour and offered to leave, are now unable to obtain the same level of pay as before, in general, within medium-sized companies. “Some employees have been begging me in the near future to help provide them with some job opportunities. But I've already withdrawn and managed to introduce some of the employees I think are really good to other well-known middle-income companies. According to Liu Di, a short-term exit from the Indian market is currently being chosen, with many players in the trade industry. In addition to the software that he faces being shut down, there is another important factor: the stability of the exchange rate differential. “As a result of the continuing depreciation of Indian rupees, the difference between the median Indian currency exchange rate was greater than 1 to 9 points at the lowest and now more than 1 to 12 points, and almost 15 to 20 per cent of the profits were evaporated. And because the Indian government requires that transfers not be made in United States dollars, it has to use the rupees, which will have a greater operational impact on trading companies. Traders will then choose to leave or suspend related operations in India in the short term. The way to deal with it. One view was that the review proposed by the Government of India had the results it needed, and that the above-mentioned difficulties might be resolved as long as there was a balance between corporate and government claims. According to Liu, in 2018, Samsung also experienced 10 billion tax checks on the ground in India, but eventually the fines were lifted in exchange for a local production value of a certain scale through the Samsung agreement with the local sector. “This shows the direction of the Indian government, and I think, of course, that this time a series of actions against medium-sized enterprises is quite serious. He continued, and India’s authorities were relatively rough in the enforcement process. “I think, of course, that tax checks and the like can eventually be resolved by negotiation, but only by doing so, unless some firms are unable to pay the funds in deficit. In any event, it would not be a reasonable and sufficiently marketable judgement to assume that the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry would easily exit the Indian market in large quantities at this stage. Yang has argued that China-owned enterprises, regardless of their size, will eventually overcome the current difficulties: “India is a promising market and, according to our judgement, India will reach the size of China's smart market in the future, but the current real wave of change has not yet arrived, and it will be a vast incremental market. After recent years of development, India's home-grown mobile and communication brands have been declining; at the same time, India's homegrown supply chain producers have not grown sufficiently capable, and its home-grown cellular ecology continues to depend on supply chain systems from China. “The supply chain system is not going to be built in a year or two. I think that Chinese mobile phones have at least 15-20 years of survival in the Indian market, which is long enough. He went on to say that it was a reference to the development of Chinese-owned producers in India, as well as to the current industrial base in India, and to the many factors that Chinese brands consider to be vital in India. The above-mentioned manufacturers have also played out with journalists, and India is actively seeking to promote the growth and development of local producers in the mobile phone supply chain, but to date it has not been successful. This may be linked to a combination of factors such as the efficiency and quality of local personnel. India is still actively promoting its home-grown manufacturing program. In 2021, it re-introduced its Productive Association Incentives (PLI) program. In response, Prachir Singh analysed that PLI-approved mobile supply chain players consisted mainly of Samsung, Foxconn, Altitude Genesis, and Soto. “Three of these four companies are Chinese, although they prefer apple ecosystems. There is an additional note in the PLI program that global players can gain incentives for equipment with an invoice value of >15,000 Indian rupees (500 Yuan yuan). This brings with it speculation that apples may be used to gain greater development opportunities in India. According to Prachir Singh, macroeconomic problems are affecting the entire world, and India is not immune. “We have witnessed a decline in consumer demand, with almost all brands facing stockpiles. We estimate that India’s smartphone market currently has water levels in stock for more than 10 weeks (the normal stock level is about four weeks). The hardest hit is among entry-level users, as users at the bottom of the pyramid are the most affected by the macroeconomic reverse. In his view, it would be most advantageous for Samsung if the Chinese brand were affected, since its products covered all price ranges. But it would not have much to do with apples, because the brand is at the top of the market. Of course, as a growing market on the count of one or two, India is still looking forward to it. “The business environment is certainly not particularly friendly. But I think the Indian market is big enough to grow up quickly if there is an opportunity to do whatever it wants.” Liu Qin said so to journalists. (As requested by the interviewer, Liu Dixin is an alias in Wen) == sync, corrected by elderman == @elder_man (Responsible Editor: HF013)


Note: This is a machine translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.




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Chinese-funded mobile phones in India: wandering and suffering


2022-08-08: [Article Link]  It would not be a reasonable and sufficiently marketable judgement to assume that the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry would easily exit the Indian market in large quantities at this stage. Starting in 2020, under the influence of Covid-19 Pandemic, Internet practitioner Liu gradually reduced the business development process in India until Chinese Internet software was further banned locally and he eventually withdrew completely. In India, he was also a mobile operator and gradually expanded to the offline channel, and, with total withdrawal, he ceased to operate locally. Liu is one of the cases in which local governments have influenced them over the years, forcing them to leave the Indian market. More particularly, rice, OPPO, and vivo have recently been subjected to a wave of official Indian tax checks, and have subsequently been accused of tax evasion of up to billions of yuan, some of which have been frozen and others have been offered to collect taxes. Recently, CEO Zhao Ming was interviewed by the glory terminal, saying that the team in India had been withdrawn, but that having partners in India and starting operations, it would take a sound approach to local development. This has brought the business environment in India to the forefront of the debate again. It's just that, on objective terms, India is a “beautiful” market: there's a huge demographic dividend that is still growing, the tide of change continues, and the price of cellular consumer unit rises - conditions that are very attractive to the mobile phone industry. Of course, India’s business environment has not improved. Many people in India’s supply chains who have developed their business have pointed out to journalists that tax problems have plagued their business since they started operating in India, and that they should change when they need it. Tax checks have also occurred in other overseas firms, such as Samsung. In the face of this “love and hate” presence, it is certain that it is unrealistic to completely withdraw from the Indian market, especially since a relatively strong Chinese mobile phone industry ecology has been built on the ground; but perhaps it is imperative to actively follow a range of local policies and related development strategies to grow up in consultation. In an objective sense, India is an attractive market: there is a huge demographic dividend that is still growing, the tide of the switch continues, and the price of cellular consumer unit rises - conditions that are very attractive for the mobile phone industry. Indian tug-and-go. For any industry, it is an enduring law that, after one market has entered a period of stabilization and maturity, it is expanding into other emerging markets. India is one of the destinations with these characteristics. Around 2016, many mobile phone industries, including Liudu, continued to build locally in India under the influence of major terminals, including mills such as mills. This, of course, is also related to local tariffs on imported products to promote “Indian manufacture.” In the interim, Noyda, a large and small company, became a highly eco-consolidated area of the Chinese mobile hardware supply chain, a trend that has gradually been followed by large terminals from China. According to researcher Counterpoint, the share of Chinese mobile brands in India increased significantly from 14% to 45% in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. In comparison, India’s share of indigenous brands declined from 54% to 20% in the same period. To date, only three of the top five local brands come from South Korea. Prachir Singh, Senior Counterpoint Analyst, analyzes to the 21st Century Economic Reporters that Indian brands cannot compete positively with Chinese brands because scale benefits give Chinese brands great advantages in pricing and product specification configurations. Driven by both local market size and policy, India’s stable top-state production plants have also continued to expand in recent years. According to the above-mentioned institutions, by the first quarter of 2022, OPPO ranked first by 21.6%, followed by Samsung, and Vivo and Honghai’s subsidiaries by over 11%, respectively, in the third and fourth places. By contrast, however, neither China nor glory seems to have been actively involved in India. An insider of a mobile phone vendor analyzes economic reporting for the twenty-first century, and on the basis of Māori performance, honours and unwillingness to actively try in India. But his vendor has already made a profit in India through a scale development model. According to one industry observer, honour had previously been three-way through the Indian market, but with little success, it had entered the Indian market with a high-end machine without much resonance. This may also be the reason why it is relatively easy to announce the withdrawal of the team and to continue to operate in India as a partner - a large market that cannot be abandoned, but because of its own modest upfront input, its mode of operation may have room to explore. For the time being, this option of glory may appear to be only a few. Liu has indicated to journalists that, as far as he knows, no cellular chain vendor has left, and a certain percentage may come from the area of trade services. “Major terminals such as OVM are located, it can be said, 80-90 per cent of the supply chain is running for them, and these manufacturers will not leave as long as the mobile phone terminals remain. The numbers are not good, and I have a rough estimate that the maximum number of evacuations will be between 10% and 20%.” The Secretary-General of the Chinese-Indian Electronics (Mobile Phone) Business Association (CMA), Yang Shing, also told the 21st Century Economic Reporter, “I understand that the overall strategy in India remains unchanged in the current Chinese brands and supply chain manufacturers in India. For example, there is currently no significant change in development planning in India, whether it is large-scale terminal mills for mills, OPPOs and vivos, sound transmissions, modular plants, screens, smaller-scale service chains such as data lines, chargers and equipment. “With a global view, India is an indispensable market for maintaining brand growth and vitality.” He continued that, while it is true that at present Indian companies face difficulties such as tax checks, business clearances, etc., this is a temporary difficulty from a commercial point of view and does not change the attractiveness of the market itself. “We have not seen China’s smartphone companies exit the Indian market. All OEM manufacturers (for terminals like OVM) have invested heavily in the development of the cellular biosphere in India. At the same time, India is the second largest smartphone market in the world, but there is still a segment of the population that is not connected, making it a profitable market, especially at entry and economic levels. In this way, Prachir Singh analyses to journalists that, because of competitive prices and product definitions, Chinese brands are in the lead in the Indian smart market and that the filling of vacancies would be a difficult task for other existing players if a Chinese-owned manufacturer were to withdraw. I'm in trouble. Undeniably, the present predicament does exist. Since the beginning of the year, the China Capital Terminal has been subjected to a joint review by an official, multisectoral Indian government, focusing mainly on taxation. However, India's tax system has always been complex and constantly changing, while combining the impact of multiple external factors has created difficulties for local operators. The challenge for Chinese companies operating in India, which was analysed by Yang Sheung to journalists, is three-fold: being checked for taxes is the biggest challenge; there is also strict scrutiny of existing work and business signatures for employees; and there are no visa applications from management and technical staff of Chinese companies prior to their travel to India. “These three challenges put Chinese enterprises in a difficult period in India.” He further analysed the reasons for them, including the impact of international relations and the localization of business operations. Tax issues have been a continuing problem for middle-income firms operating in India. Many of the supply chain producers who have operated in India have mentioned to journalists that India’s tax policy has been changing over the years, for example with regard to the different production and transportation of different parts and components. This is understandable. “This aspect is related to the attitude of the ruling party in India, which may face similar problems in any country; on the other hand, because it is true that it cannot be changed, we can only appeal to Chinese companies to actively adapt to and face such changes and to understand and interpret Indian tax laws.” Yang is also telling the truth that the business environment in India is in need of improvement, and that there are still problems of rough enforcement. “But the mobile phone industry chain is the first Chinese investor to go out to sea, and there is now a large, large-scale, systemic chain of industry that has migrated to manufacturing in India in the past. In response, Prachir Singh argued that the Government of India had not yet wished to project these surveys as “a blow to Chinese businesses”, as this would not give a clear picture of the business environment and the “Indian manufacturing” scheme in India. “The mobile phone business has always been the banner of the `Indian Manufacturing' initiative, which the Government considers an achievement, and we believe that these investigations appear to be due to inconsistent understanding of the tax system, which will be resolved in due course. We believe that all these investigations have had little impact on the Chinese brand, which will continue to lead the Indian smartphone ecosystem.” Of course, as a non-manufacturing type of enterprise, Liu is in contrast to a group that is more affected. He stated to the 21st Century Economic Reporter that, after the onset of the 2019 epidemic, and given the uncertainty of the future, as well as the beginning of a measure of ban on Internet-type enterprises, he had left online operators with the option of leaving or not, including through salary reductions. “These initiatives have contributed to a certain extent to the unemployment of a larger number of people, especially during the current economic downturn, where locals find it harder and harder to find jobs. According to Liu, to a certain extent, these employees, who saw changes in their behaviour and offered to leave, are now unable to obtain the same level of pay as before, in general, within medium-sized companies. “Some employees have been begging me in the near future to help provide them with some job opportunities. But I've already withdrawn and managed to introduce some of the employees I think are really good to other well-known middle-income companies. According to Liu Di, a short-term exit from the Indian market is currently being chosen, with many players in the trade industry. In addition to the software that he faces being shut down, there is another important factor: the stability of the exchange rate differential. “As a result of the continuing depreciation of Indian rupees, the difference between the median Indian currency exchange rate was greater than 1 to 9 points at the lowest and now more than 1 to 12 points, and almost 15 to 20 per cent of the profits were evaporated. And because the Indian government requires that transfers not be made in United States dollars, it has to use the rupees, which will have a greater operational impact on trading companies. Traders will then choose to leave or suspend related operations in India in the short term. The way to deal with it. One view was that the review proposed by the Government of India had the results it needed, and that the above-mentioned difficulties might be resolved as long as there was a balance between corporate and government claims. According to Liu, in 2018, Samsung also experienced 10 billion tax checks on the ground in India, but eventually the fines were lifted in exchange for a local production value of a certain scale through the Samsung agreement with the local sector. “This shows the direction of the Indian government, and I think, of course, that this time a series of actions against medium-sized enterprises is quite serious. He continued, and India’s authorities were relatively rough in the enforcement process. “I think, of course, that tax checks and the like can eventually be resolved by negotiation, but only by doing so, unless some firms are unable to pay the funds in deficit. In any event, it would not be a reasonable and sufficiently marketable judgement to assume that the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry would easily exit the Indian market in large quantities at this stage. Yang has argued that China-owned enterprises, regardless of their size, will eventually overcome the current difficulties: “India is a promising market and, according to our judgement, India will reach the size of China's smart market in the future, but the current real wave of change has not yet arrived, and it will be a vast incremental market. After recent years of development, India's home-grown mobile and communication brands have been declining; at the same time, India's homegrown supply chain producers have not grown sufficiently capable, and its home-grown cellular ecology continues to depend on supply chain systems from China. “The supply chain system is not going to be built in a year or two. I think that Chinese mobile phones have at least 15-20 years of survival in the Indian market, which is long enough. He went on to say that it was a reference to the development of Chinese-owned producers in India, as well as to the current industrial base in India, and to the many factors that Chinese brands consider to be vital in India. The above-mentioned manufacturers have also played out with journalists, and India is actively seeking to promote the growth and development of local producers in the mobile phone supply chain, but to date it has not been successful. This may be linked to a combination of factors such as the efficiency and quality of local personnel. India is still actively promoting its home-grown manufacturing program. In 2021, it re-introduced its Productive Association Incentives (PLI) program. In response, Prachir Singh analysed that PLI-approved mobile supply chain players consisted mainly of Samsung, Foxconn, Altitude Genesis, and Soto. “Three of these four companies are Chinese, although they prefer apple ecosystems. There is an additional note in the PLI program that global players can gain incentives for equipment with an invoice value of >15,000 Indian rupees (500 Yuan yuan). This brings with it speculation that apples may be used to gain greater development opportunities in India. According to Prachir Singh, macroeconomic problems are affecting the entire world, and India is not immune. “We have witnessed a decline in consumer demand, with almost all brands facing stockpiles. We estimate that India’s smartphone market currently has water levels in stock for more than 10 weeks (the normal stock level is about four weeks). The hardest hit is among entry-level users, as users at the bottom of the pyramid are the most affected by the macroeconomic reverse. In his view, it would be most advantageous for Samsung if the Chinese brand were affected, since its products covered all price ranges. But it would not have much to do with apples, because the brand is at the top of the market. Of course, as a growing market on the count of one or two, India is still looking forward to it. “The business environment is certainly not particularly friendly. But I think the Indian market is big enough to grow up quickly if there is an opportunity to do whatever it wants.” Liu Qin said so to journalists. (As requested by the interviewer, Liu Dixin is an alias in Wen) == sync, corrected by elderman == @elder_man (Responsible Editor: HF013)

Note: This is a translated version of the Chinese news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.

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2022-10-06: The three men stood on the podium and cheered at the graveyard below, with numerous tombstones, each of which was a project. This was a cartoon made by Supercell, a star company investing in telecommunications, at its annual internal meeting. In the field of play, there will be no success, few…  

Lujiazui Finance Breakfast Friday, October 7, 2022

2022-10-07: / / Hotspot Focus / / According to the Chinese fund, the storage chip, known as the semiconductor commodity, is in a state of severe oversupply. According to reports, the global storage chip, Second Brother SK Hercules, has cut capital spending by 70 to 80% next year. Just a week ago, US…  

Zao Cai 丨 Haikou implemented temporary global static management from 7:00 to 22:00 today; "OPEC+" decided to reduce oil production, and Biden was in a hurry; Haitian Flavor Industry responded to the "double standard" storm of additives again

2022-10-06: NBD Editor Hu Ling Zhang Hee-wei Ho No.1 On 5 October, the entrance examination for 2023 was officially opened, and from 5 to 25 October, according to the National Master's Programme Regulations for the Administration of Post-graduate Admissions, 2023, candidates could register for the…  

Zao Cai 丨 Haikou implemented temporary global static management from 7:00 to 22:00 today; Haitian Flavor Industry responded to the "double standard" storm of additives again; "OPEC+" decided to reduce oil production, and Biden was anxious; Zelensky spoke out and asked Russia pay war reparations

2022-10-06: NBD Editor No.1 On 5 October, the entrance examination for 2023 was officially opened, and from 5 to 25 October, according to the National Master's Programme Regulations for the Administration of Post-graduate Admissions, 2023, candidates could register for the examination on the Internet at…

Zao Cai 丨 "Jay Chou Company" has applied for IPO again; private equity bigwig Dan Bin: returning to China at the end of the month; 38 people were killed in the shooting in a kindergarten in Thailand; "North Stream" on-site investigation: confirmed that the explosion damaged the pipeline

2022-10-07: NBD Editor, Jan Jang, He He Hee Wai, He Peach. NO.1 According to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, for the first time at the international level, our scientific team has been able to achieve a 100-km free space high-precision time frequency transfer experiment, with time transfer stability…