Permafrost thawing crisis: Arctic Circle cities face collapse, giant prehistoric virus may wake up
2022-01-14: [Article Link] Original title: The melting crisis of the permafrost: The Arctic City is collapsing and the giant prehistoric virus is afraid to awaken.
According to external sources, recent studies indicate that the continued increase in global temperatures will lead to an acceleration in the unfreezing of the frozen surface of the Arctic and that residents living on the permafrost (also known as permafrost) are at any moment exposed to the threat of house break-ups, road bends and pipeline break-ups.
In Siberian cities like Yakutsk, Russia, the melting of permafrost has softened the foundations and damaged buildings in the city.
The permafrost is a rocky layer that has been frozen for many years and requires an annual average temperature of less than zero. The Earth's permafrost covers approximately 20 per cent of the land area, mainly in Alaska, Greenland, Canada and Siberia in the northern hemisphere. The permafrost urban crisis: melting of the frozen soil and unstable foundations
“The land is melting in front of us.” In an interview with the foreign media, a resident of Alaska said that he could clearly feel that the land was changing at its feet. The government of Alaska, Kaare Sikuaq Erickson, has also stated that everyone living in a permafrost city faces a huge survival crisis. Chart of global temperature changes as shown by NASA Network of Officials
Research suggests that global climate change has caused temperatures to rise two to four times faster in the Arctic than in other parts of the planet. As a result of warming, parts of the Arctic’s permafrost have gradually been unfrozen, resulting in a series of natural disasters, including land landslides, floods, and landslides. Data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States show an overall increase in global average temperatures from 1880 to 2020, which was 1.02 degrees Celsius higher than in the previous year. Scientists point out that warming above 1.5 degrees Celsius means that humans, wildlife and ecosystems are likely to suffer more severe consequences from climate change, with extreme weather events occurring more frequently. If global warming rises by more than 2°C, the polar ice sheet will collapse, and sea level will rise by nearly 10 metres. In addition to natural disasters, the melting of the frozen layer as a result of warming will also have a major impact on the urban infrastructure of the frozen layer. Ericson said, " Imagine, we live on a piece of ice, and the ice beneath our feet is our foundation, where we build houses, we build roads, we install sewers. Once the foundation of this “ground” was frozen, but it is slowly melting.” Ericsson said that as the parts of the frozen layer melt, the foundations of many buildings begin to become unstable, and the roads become flat. A Russian study shows that at least 120,000 buildings, 40,000 kilometres of roads, and 9,500 kilometres of pipelines are located in the permafrost of the northern hemisphere. As many as 80 per cent of buildings in cities built on permafrost have suffered varying degrees of damage as a result of global warming, and more buildings are expected to be damaged in the future. Scientists predict that 70 per cent of the infrastructure in permafrost cities will face high levels of damage by 2050, with projected losses amounting to tens of billions of dollars. The Arctic geologist Louise Farquharson, from the University of Alaska Fairbanks, argues that the stability of the foundations of the Arctic permafrost zone depends on the local temperature. As the climate warms, local surface temperatures are approaching zero degrees Celsius, and the foundations are becoming less robust, she says, “The bottom water pipelines in some of the communities that I studied have broken, and the dents in the ground have made the roots of the house very fragile. There are even places that have been converted from flatlands to ponds as a result of the melting of the frozen layer.” At the same time, she said that human beings have lived on this land for thousands of years, and it is unrealistic to suddenly allow the entire population to move. Initiating the global crisis: the oil spill, the re-emergence of the ancient virus...the melting Arctic permafrost poses a threat not only to the survival of the local population, but also to the security of the entire world. Researchers point out that, as the permafrost melts, oil tanks buried under the ground become unstable, prone to oil spills. When Russian oil leaks, red rivers hit the Russian Siberia in 2020, there was a serious oil spill, with about 21,000 tons of diesel fuel leaking out of the storage tanks, pouring into surrounding rivers, causing huge environmental pollution. According to Russian environmental groups, it would take about 5-10 years and $1.5 billion to clean up this oil spill. According to the information received, the company in question, following an investigation, indicated that the cause of the accident was the melting of permafrost, which reduced the ground-based capacity, which led to a sudden fall in oil storage facilities. The melting of the permafrost would also accelerate greenhouse gas emissions and increase global warming. Previous studies by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States have found that the unfreezing of permafrost in the Arctic will accelerate the release of greenhouse gases, thus exacerbating global warming and creating a vicious circle. Sue Natali, a deputy researcher at the Woods Hole Research Centre in Massachusetts, said: “The permafrost contains abundant organic matter with a carbon content of about 15 billion tons, about twice the carbon content of the atmosphere and three times the global carbon content of all forests. She explained that, if business as usual, 30 to 50 per cent of the permafrost could melt by 2100, when carbon contained in organic matter would be decomposed by micro-organisms and released in the form of carbon dioxide or methane. About 10 per cent of unfrozen carbon is said to be likely to be released in the form of carbon dioxide, amounting to between 130 billion and 150 billion tons, which is equivalent to the total annual emissions of the United States, which remain current until 2100. The melting of the permafrost actually amounts to the addition of a second-largest-emitting country. CNN has reported that some of the micro-zombies that have frozen in the Arctic's permafrost for 24,000 years have been resurrected and cloned in a Russian laboratory. In addition, there are fears that the melting of permafrost will release an unknown virus. According to foreign sources, Russian diplomat Nikolay Korchunov, a high-ranking official of the Arctic Council, said in an interview last December that the melting of permafrost caused by global warming could lead to an ancient virus and a bacteria “awakening” that posed an extreme threat to humans. Researchers in France and Russia are known to have previously discovered two new giant prehistoric viruses in frozen soil samples. One, Mollivirus sibericum, who has been asleep for 30,000 years, can recover immediately after unfrozen and exposed to its host deformants. Once the virus enters the host, it is reproduced in large quantities, generating about 1,000 new copies before killing the host where they are and transferring them to the next one. The Arctic Report also previously speculated that diseases such as smallpox or black death could be frozen in the permafrost, but Natalie also said that the fate of the Arctic region was not settled. She called on mankind to reduce fossil-fuel emissions and to do its utmost to slow global warming and keep as much of the frozen permafrost as possible. She said, “The permafrost is at stake in the fate of the Arctic, which is at stake for all humanity. Responsibility Editor (Responsible Editor):