BRICS foreign ministers meeting issued a joint statement with a total of 25 items
2022-05-19: [Article Link]
The Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa held a video meeting on 19 May 2022, which was chaired by the Chinese presidency of the 2022 BRICS. The Ministers reaffirmed that the BRICS countries will continue to consolidate the political security, economic, financial and human exchange “three-wheel-drive” cooperation architecture, unite to control the spread and impact of Covid-19 Pandemic, accelerate the implementation of the 2030 sustainable development agenda and further expand and deepen BRICS cooperation. The Ministers agreed that, in the face of the new challenges of the current international situation, the BRICS countries should strengthen their solidarity and cooperation in tackling them. In this context, the Ministers recalled the revised BRICS Building Document, agreed by the BRICS Coordinator in 2021, which regulates the working methods of BRICS cooperation, the scope of participation, and the powers of the Presidency. Secondly, the Ministers noted the unprecedented human impact and difficulties of Covid-19 Pandemic, and recognized that the uncertainties associated with this will affect the achievement of sustainable development goals on a global scale. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to multilateralism, to upholding international law, including the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the indispensable cornerstone of which is its Charter, and to preserving the central role of the United Nations in the international system, in which sovereign States cooperate to maintain peace and security, promote sustainable development, promote and protect democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all and strengthen cooperation based on the spirit of mutual respect, justice and equality. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen and improve global governance, to promote a more agile, effective, efficient, representative and accountable system, and to uphold inclusive consultation and cooperation based on respect for the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, equality and legitimate interests and concerns of all States, in the interest of all. The Ministers recalled the Joint Statement of the BRICS countries on Strengthening and Reforming the Multilateral System, adopted in 2021, and reaffirmed their commitment to work with all relevant parties in the international community to advance the reform process referred to in the joint statement, to promote a more inclusive, representative and democratic system of global governance and to promote greater participation of emerging market and developing countries in global decision-making. The Ministers supported the call to increase the representation of developing countries in international organizations and multilateral forums to play an important role in global governance, recalling the 2005 World Summit Outcome, and reiterated the need for a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including its Security Council, to make it more representative, effective and efficient and to increase the representation of developing countries in order to meet global challenges. The Ministers reaffirmed the need to ensure that all peoples, especially those in developing countries, have access to safe, effective, accessible and affordable diagnostic tools, medicines, vaccines and essential medical supplies, to ensure the equitable distribution of vaccines, to accelerate vaccination and to bridge the global “immunisation divide”. The Ministers supported the leading role of the World Health Organization in the fight against the epidemic, as well as the Covic-19 Vaccine Implementation Plan, the Global Partnership for the Accelerated Development, Production and Equitable Access to the Covic-19 New Tools for Control and Control, among others. The Ministers recognized the importance of World Trade Organization discussions on the proposal for an intellectual property exemption for the Covid-19 vaccine and supported countries, in particular developing countries, in strengthening capacity-building and local production of vaccines and other health tools. The Ministers stressed the need to continue to strengthen cooperation among the BRICS countries in the areas of detection methods, treatment, research and development, vaccine production and mutual recognition, research on vaccine safety and effectiveness for new variants of the Covid-19 virus, mutual recognition of the Covid-19 vaccination and testing certificates (especially for international travel), and knowledge-sharing on traditional medicine. The Ministers expressed their support for the official launch of the BRICS National Vaccine Research and Development Centre, the establishment of an early warning mechanism for the prevention of large-scale infectious diseases in BRICS countries, and the adoption of the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of the regulation of medical products for human use. The Ministers called for retroactive research based on scientific principles, evidence-based decision-making, objectivity, inclusiveness and transparency against stigmatization or interference within the existing international framework, including the World Health Organization. The Ministers stressed the importance of global economic governance for countries to ensure sustainable development, and further recalled their support for the expansion and increased participation of emerging market and developing countries in international economic decision-making and norm-setting processes. The Ministers reiterated their support for the leadership role of the G-20 in global economic governance and stressed that the G-20 should remain intact and respond to current global challenges, and called on the international community to strengthen its partnership and emphasize the need for greater macroeconomic policy coordination in order to move the world economy out of the crisis and achieve a strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive post-clause economic recovery. The Ministers called for a balanced and comprehensive implementation of the United Nations sustainable development agenda for 2030 in its economic, social and environmental dimensions.
The Ministers supported an open, transparent, equitable, inclusive, non-discriminatory, rules-based multilateral trading system, granting special and differential treatment to developing countries, ensuring a level playing field, avoiding actions contrary to WTO rules, such as unilateralism and protectionism, and supporting the central role of a strong global financial safety net centred on a quota-based and well-resourced International Monetary Fund. 10. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the objectives, principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Paris Agreement, in particular the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities” and respective capabilities based on their different national circumstances. The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of advancing the implementation of the Paris Agreement through country-specific and joint efforts, and stressed the importance of developed countries fulfilling their commitments to assist developing countries in addressing climate change by providing technology and mobilizing reliable, adequate, predictable and timely additional climate financing. At the same time, the Ministers expressed concern about linking security issues to the climate change agenda and recalled that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its annual general meeting are appropriate and legitimate international platforms for the international community to address climate change in a comprehensive manner. 11. The Ministers recalled their national positions on Ukraine expressed in the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly, etc., and supported the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine. The Ministers discussed concerns about the humanitarian situation in Ukraine and beyond and supported the efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, United Nations agencies and the International Committee of the Red Cross to provide humanitarian assistance in accordance with General Assembly resolution 46/182. XII. The Ministers expressed their deep concern over the situation in the Middle East and North Africa region, which was discussed at the level of Vice-Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the BRICS countries for Middle East Affairs, held on 17 May 2022.
13. The Ministers strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, whenever, wherever and by whomsoever committed, and recognized the threat posed by terrorism, extremism and radicalization that fuel it. The Ministers resolved to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including the cross-border movement of terrorists, terrorist financing networks and the provision of safe havens for terrorists, and reaffirmed that terrorism should not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilization or race. The Ministers reaffirmed their firm commitment to make a greater contribution to global efforts to prevent and combat the threat of terrorism, based on respect for international law, in particular the Charter of the United Nations and human rights, and stressed that States have the primary responsibility for combating terrorism and that the United Nations should continue to play a central coordinating role in this area. The Ministers also stressed that the international community should adopt a comprehensive and balanced approach, including in the context of the current epidemic, to effectively curb terrorist activities, which pose a serious threat. The Ministers rejected double standards in the fight against terrorism and extremism that fuel terrorism, and called for the speedy conclusion and adoption of the Comprehensive Convention against Terrorism within the framework of the United Nations and the launching of multilateral negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament to elaborate an international convention against chemical and biological terrorism. The Ministers called for sustained efforts to strengthen the arms control, disarmament, non-proliferation treaty and agreement system, maintain its integrity and maintain global stability and international peace and security, and further emphasized the need to ensure the effectiveness, efficiency and consensus of the relevant multilateral mechanisms in the field of disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control.
The Ministers called for the strengthening of international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation regimes such as the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), to preserve their integrity and effectiveness and to maintain global strategic stability and world peace and security. The Ministers stressed the need to adhere to and strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention, including through a legally binding protocol to the Convention containing an efficient verification mechanism. The Ministers reaffirmed their support for ensuring the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, the prevention of an arms race in outer space and the weaponization of outer space, including through the negotiation of a legally binding multilateral instrument. The Ministers took note of the draft treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space and of the threat or use of force against outer space objects, which was submitted and updated to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva in 2014. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to a nuclear-weapon-free world, stressed their strong commitment to nuclear disarmament and supported the work of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on this matter at its 2022nd annual session. The Ministers took note of the Joint Declaration on the Prevention of Nuclear War and the Avoidance of an Arms Race, issued on 3 January 2022 by the leaders of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, noting in particular that “nuclear war cannot be won or defeated”. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to promoting an open, secure, stable, accessible and peaceful ICT environment and stressed the importance of strengthening consensus and cooperation on ICT and Internet use. The Ministers supported the leading role of the United Nations in promoting constructive dialogue on ICT security, including within the framework of the United Nations Open-ended Working Group 2021-2025 on the security and use of ICT, and the development of a global legal framework in this area. The Ministers called for a comprehensive, balanced and objective approach to the development and security of ICT products and systems, stressed the importance of establishing a cooperative legal framework for BRICS countries to ensure the security of ICT use, and considered that practical BRICS cooperation should continue to be advanced through the implementation of the BRICS Road Map for Practical Cooperation on Cyber Security and the work of the Working Group on Cyber Security. 18. The Ministers for Foreign Affairs supported the exchange of information and technical cooperation on artificial intelligence technologies and recalled the Declaration of the Seventh Meeting of Ministers of Communication of the BRICS Countries. The Declaration recognized the rapid development and immense potential of artificial intelligence technologies and their value for economic growth, and the Ministers recognized the need for mutual cooperation to maximize their potential for the benefit of society as a whole and humankind, especially the marginalized and vulnerable, through confidence-building, confidence, security, transparency and accountability, and the development of trustworthy artificial intelligence. The Ministers expressed concern about the risks and ethical dilemmas associated with artificial intelligence, such as privacy, manipulation, prejudice, interpersonal interaction, employment, influence, and singularities. The Ministers encouraged BRICS members to work together to address these issues, share best practices, undertake comparative studies, and promote the development of common governance to guide BRICS to use artificial intelligence in an ethical and responsible manner while advancing their development. The Ministers stressed the enormous potential of ICTs in promoting economic growth and development, while recognizing the potential for new criminal activities and threats, and expressed concern at the increasing level and complexity of the criminal misuse of ICTs. Welcoming the work of the United Nations Intergovernmental Special Committee of Experts aimed at the elaboration of a comprehensive international convention against the use of information and communication technologies for crime, and reaffirming its cooperation in the implementation of the mandate given to the Committee by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 75/282, The Ministers reaffirmed that States should cooperate on the basis of equal treatment and mutual respect for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and agreed to continue to give equal importance and treatment to all categories of human rights, including the right to development, in a fair and equal manner. The Ministers agreed to strengthen cooperation on issues of common concern within the BRICS and multilateral frameworks such as the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council, and the need to promote, safeguard and fulfil human rights in a non-selective, non-political and constructive manner, avoiding double standards. XXI. The Ministers called for respect for democracy and human rights, stressing that not only domestic governance but also global governance should be reflected. The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the promotion and protection of democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all and to the creation of a community of human destiny based on mutually beneficial cooperation.
XXII. The Ministers expressed their appreciation to China for its chairmanship in holding a dialogue on the theme “Increased utilization of the role of emerging markets and developing countries in global governance”.
XXIII. The Ministers recalled the efforts of BRICS to expand cooperation with other emerging market and developing countries and supported the further promotion of BRICS outreach and BRICS+ cooperation through inclusive, equitable and flexible approaches and initiatives, in accordance with the revised BRICS Establishment Document adopted by the BRICS Focal Point in 2021. 24. The Ministers supported the advancement of the BRICS enlargement process through discussions and stressed the need to clarify relevant guiding principles, standards and procedures.
XXV. Brazil, Russia, India, and South Africa support China as Chair of the BRICS 2022 countries, working on the theme “Building a high-quality partnership for a new era of global development.” The four countries fully support working together to make the fourteenth meeting of BRICS leaders a success.