Cultural relics protection needs more precautions

2021-10-14: [Article Link]. Since October 3, Shanxi has experienced continuous rainfall that broke historical records, and the safety of ancient buildings has been seriously threatened. In addition to the partial collapse of the wall of the ancient city of Pingyao, a World Heritage site, many national key cultural relics have been affected, such as water leakage on the roofs of many buildings in Jinci Temple and the collapse of the retaining wall at the southwest corner of Fengsheng Temple; shanxi Yuncheng Salt ban Wall East forbidden door urn large collapse walls appear multiple crack; Yuncheng xie zhou guan di miao chong sheng si gatehouse leaks, chun qiu lou second floor large leaks threaten "night reading spring and autumn" statue...... It is not uncommon for cultural relics to be damaged by natural disasters. Compared with underground and indoor cultural relics, immovable ancient buildings are more likely to be affected by meteorological disasters such as heavy rains, and emergency protection is also more difficult. Therefore, the daily protection of immovable cultural relics is particularly important. According to reports, the cultural relics that were seriously damaged in this rainstorm are mostly concentrated in cultural relics protection units at and below the county level, including a large number of unregistered, ungraded, and scattered in remote villages. "There are ancient temples in the village, and there are ancient buildings everywhere". In Shanxi, a small rural temple may contain national treasures. These ancient buildings, which are not high or even ungraded, have weak daily maintenance and have been seriously damaged. According to the relevant departments of the data in Shanxi province for the protection of cultural relics in funding by earlier per year in the 10 million trillion yuan at the end of 0.17 billion yuan. Despite this, the contradiction between the large stock of cultural relics and the lack of human and financial resources is still prominent in some places. In particular, some county-level protection cultural relics have a large gap in repair funds. Although since 2011, with the support of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, Shanxi Province has invested more than 1 billion yuan to implement various ancient building protection projects, but compared with the ancient buildings that need to be protected in Shanxi, this is still a drop in the bucket. Many ancient buildings have not set up protection institutions, and the safety situation is worrying, especially in the face of serious natural geological disasters. The heavy rain has allowed us to see the fragility of cultural relics and the urgency of cultural relics protection. It is also more urgent to develop a more complete normalized protection plan. The visible trend is that the instability of the climate system is now increasing, and the so-called "once in decades" and "once in a hundred years" extreme weather will appear again and again. Therefore, when formulating cultural relics policies, there is a basic evaluation and preparation for this situation, and we should have normalized thinking and form institutional measures. Disaster prevention and mitigation of cultural relics is a long-term task of cultural relics safety, and it is also an urgent task at present. At present, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage has promoted the prevention and mitigation of cultural relics from various aspects. While promoting local people's governments at all levels to incorporate the safety of cultural relics into the disaster prevention and mitigation system, and to strengthen the main responsibility of cultural relics safety of local people's governments at all levels, promote the transformation of cultural relics protection from "rescue protection" to "rescue and preventive protection. "The work of disaster prevention and mitigation of cultural relics is a systematic project, which requires the coordination and cooperation and continuous efforts of governments at all levels, relevant departments and units, and the extensive participation of social forces to jointly protect the safety of cultural relics." The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage director Li Qun said. Cultural relics, after thousands of years of scouring, came to us. They have escaped the ravages of history and have strengthened to this day and deserve better settled. No matter when and where, the most effective way to deal with natural disasters is always the unbreakable "plan ahead". In the face of frequent extreme weather, the coping thinking and preventive measures for cultural relics protection should also be enhanced and expanded accordingly, so as to truly be prepared and calmly responded, "Effectively protect the cultural heritage left to our ancestors". (Wang hf)

Note: This is auto-translated version of a Chinese domestic news media article. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.