The cornerstone of a great cause for the future (Questions and Answers on the Study of Xi Jinping’s Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era (43))
2021-09-15: [Original Article Link].
2019, 10 yue 1 celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China military parade was held. Military flag hunting, military music, military power, majestic, 15 foot teams swaggered, 32 equipment teams were thunder, 12 air echelons shocked the sky, it fully demonstrates the great achievements made in the cause of strengthening the army in the new era. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, has made strategic arrangements to adhere to the road of strengthening the army with Chinese characteristics and comprehensively promote the modernization of national defense and the army, it is clear that the party's goal of strengthening the army in the new era is to build a people's army that listens to the party's command, can win battles, and has a good work style, and to build the People's Army into a world-class army. We must fully implement Xi Jinping's thought of strengthening the army, implement the military strategy of the new era, adhere to the political construction of the Army, reform and strengthen the army, strengthen the army through science and technology, strengthen the army with talents, govern the Army according to law, and accelerate the integrated development of mechanization, informatization and intelligence, comprehensively strengthen military training and preparation, and continue to push forward the cause of strengthening the military in the new era.
Deeply promote political army building. Political army building is the foundation of our army, and political work is the lifeline of the People's Army. In October 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping led the Gutian Army Political Work Conference to make arrangements for the political army building in the new era, demanding that ideals and beliefs, party spirit principles, combat effectiveness standards, and political work prestige should be firmly established in the whole army. Over the past few years, the whole army has persisted in promoting political training in the spirit of rectification, focusing on rectifying ideas, rectifying the use of personnel, organizing and discipline, and revitalizing our army's political discipline and pure our army's political ecology, realized the new team on the new journey. Practice shows us that the principle of political army building cannot be slackened at any time and under any circumstances, and political work can only be strengthened and not weakened. We must persist in building and mastering the army ideologically and politically, comprehensively strengthen the party leadership and Party building work of our army, continue to deepen the party's scientific and theoretical arms, and cultivate a soul, ability, and blood, the revolutionary soldiers of the new era with moral character, forge excellent troops with iron belief, iron belief, iron discipline and iron responsibility, so as to ensure that our army will always become the People's Army under the absolute leadership of the Party, to ensure effective implementation of the new era of military missions and tasks.
Deeply promote reform and strengthen the army. Our army has come to the present by reform and innovation, and we must also rely on reform and innovation to win the future. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army is to design and shape the future of the Army. It is a key move to determine the development and growth of our army and win the future. In November 2015, the Central Military Commission's reform work conference was held, and General Secretary Xi Jinping issued a marching order to deepen the reform of national defense and the army. Our army has successively launched the "three major battles" of leadership and command system reform, scale structure and force organization reform, and military policy system reform, breaking the long-term headquarters system, the large military region system, and the Continental Army system, it has formed a new pattern of military commission management, theater main battle, and military service construction, which has changed the long-standing land war type and homeland defense type of power structure and force distribution, the basic framework of the socialist military policy system with Chinese characteristics has been established, and the People's Army has a new system, a new structure, a new pattern, and a new look. It is necessary to promote the revolution in military management, accelerate the transformation and construction of services and arms and armed police forces, strengthen strategic forces and new combat forces in new areas, and create a high-level strategic deterrence and joint combat system.
Ensure that the centenary goal of building the army will be achieved in 2027; By 2035, the modernization of national defense and the army will be basically realized; And by the middle of this century, the People's Army will be fully built into a world-class army. This is to build a world-class army that is commensurate with China's status as a powerful country, can fully and effectively safeguard national security, and has strong international influence.
We took further steps to implement the military through science and technology. Science and technology are the core combat effectiveness and the most active and revolutionary factor in military development. In recent years, our army has fully implemented the strategy of strengthening the army through science and technology, built a national defense science and technology innovation system, and made efforts to break through key core technologies. Aircraft carriers, nuclear submarines and other major powers have frequently reported good news, and the naval main warships have accelerated their upgrading; The main air force fighters have entered the "20" era represented by "Yun-20" and "J-20; dongfeng series of strategic missiles amazed the world," Dongfeng Express, mission must reach "circle powder countless. It is necessary to keep up with the development trend of the world's new military revolution, focus on independent and original innovation in national defense science and technology, accelerate the development of strategic cutting-edge technology, accelerate the upgrading of weapons and equipment and the development of intelligent weapons and equipment, significantly improve the training of science and technology content, enhance the scientific and technological literacy of officers and soldiers.
To further promote the talent the armed forces. The way to strengthen the army is to gain people. Human resources are a valuable strategic resource for strengthening the army. At that time, we were short of money, material and technology, but we had Qian Xuesen, Qian Sanqiang, Deng Jiaxian and other world's top scientists and a large number of outstanding scientific and technological talents such as Qian Xuesen, Qian Sanqiang and Deng Jiaxian. When Chairman Mao met with Qian Xuesen, he said that the Americans regard you as five divisions. For us, you are much more powerful than the five divisions. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, our army has vigorously implemented the strategy of strengthening the army with talents, putting the training of cadres and talents in a more prominent position, and focusing on gathering outstanding talents who are determined to strengthen the army and win, promote the overall level of talent construction. It is necessary to implement the policy of military education in the new era, give full play to the comprehensive education functions of college education, military training practice, and military vocational education, forge a phalanx of high-quality professional military talents, and provide strong talent support for building a world-class army.
In-depth promotion of the rule of law. A modern army must be a rule of law army. Strict rule of law and serious military discipline is the iron law of governing the army and leading the army, and it is also the basic law of building a strong army. Our army is singing the "three major disciplines and eight points of attention" to victory, and it is adhering to the "one depends on the ideal and the other depends on the discipline" to the regularization, keep such as Mount Tai. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has profoundly grasped the law of military development, and clearly proposed to build a sound military rule of law system with Chinese characteristics, and form a complete, rigorous and efficient system of military laws and regulations, the military rule of law implementation system, the military rule of law supervision system, and the military rule of law guarantee system have established the four pillars and eight pillars of the construction of the rule of law in the Army. To strengthen the army belief in the rule of law and the rule of law thinking, promote army way fundamental change and made great efforts to promote the comprehensive and strict army effectively and increase the level of rule of law in their development.
The modernization of national defense and the military is a historical process of continuous advancement. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established a strategic arrangement to basically realize the modernization of national defense and the army by 2035, and to build the People's Army into a world-class army in an all-round way by the middle of this century. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China clearly proposed to ensure the realization of the centenary goal of building the army in 2027, and expanded the connotation of the Party's goal of strengthening the army in the new era, it has enriched the goals, tasks and development steps of national defense and military modernization, and laid out the blueprint for the development of a strong military in the new era. It is necessary to unify thoughts and actions with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, and accelerate the modernization of military theory, the modernization of military organization, the modernization of military personnel, and the modernization of weapons and equipment, improve the quality and efficiency of national defense and military modernization, and forge a powerful army that can fight and win when it comes.
"A bullet does not ask the party can not control, they are absolute party leaders." In June 1929, in response to the differences within the Fourth Red Army on the ownership of military command, Comrade Mao Zedong fully affirmed the practice of establishing the party's leadership by the Second and Fourth Red Corps, and emphasized that the army was under the control of the party. This is the first time that our party has proposed the Party's absolute leadership over the army. For more than 90 years, the most fundamental reason why our army has been able to overcome all kinds of difficulties and hardships and continue to move from victory to victory is to unswervingly listen to and follow the party. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the party's absolute leadership over the army is the essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics, an important political advantage of the party and the country, and the foundation of the People's Army and the soul of a strong army. No matter how the Times develop and how the situation changes, upholding the Party's absolute leadership over the People's Army has always been the soul and lifeblood of our army, and it can never be changed or lost.
The army is the main component of state power. No matter which class it is, whoever wants to seize state power and want to maintain it should have a strong army. Marx pointed out: "The first condition of the dictatorship of the proletariat is the Army of the proletariat." The Party's absolute leadership over the People's Army, this fundamental principle of building the army, was not created out of thin air, but was obtained by our party and army at the cost of blood and obtained through arduous exploration. The fundamental principle and system of the party's absolute leadership over the people's army began in the Nanchang uprising, based on the Sanwan reorganization, finalized in the Gutian Conference, and enriched and developed by the party leading the People's Army revolution, the great practice of construction and reform. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China elevated the adherence to the party's absolute leadership over the people's army to a basic strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party profoundly summarized the significant advantages of adhering to the party's command of guns, comprehensively deployed the adherence to and improvement of the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army, and enriched and strengthened the fundamental principles of building and governing the army. Adhering to the Party's absolute leadership over the People's Army is an important part of China's basic military system and the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics, it is our party's unique creation of combining Marxist state doctrine and the principles of Party building and army building with China's reality, and created the "Chinese model" of military system civilization ".
In December 1929, the Ninth Congress of the Fourth Red Army Party was held in Gutian, Shanghang County, Fujian Province, known as the "Gutian Conference" in history ". The Gutian Conference passed eight resolutions, the central idea of which is to use the proletarian ideology to build the army and the Party, which is a milestone in the history of the construction of the Party and the People's Army and is of great significance, has had an extremely far-reaching impact.
On October 30, 2014, the All-Army Political Work Conference was held in Gutian Town, Shanghang County, Fujian Province. General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech, profoundly clarifying the era of political work, and clarifying the theme, guiding principles, key tasks and practical requirements of political work, the theory and practice of our military's political work has been raised to a new level and pushed to a new stage.
Adhering to the party's absolute leadership over the people's army is the fundamental magic weapon for the long-term stability of the party and the country. The country's big handle is not more important than soldiers. If the army is well controlled, it can become an important pillar of national political stability and social stability. This is an important conclusion drawn from historical experience and lessons. At that time, the Soviet Union engaged in the non-party and non-politicization of the Army. At the critical juncture of the Soviet party and the country, the Soviet army stood by and even turned against it. It was described by Western politicians as "the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its generals arm in arm, side by side to death". Over the past 70 years since the founding of New China, in the face of the siege, containment, interference and destruction by hostile forces at home and abroad, the reason why socialist China has been able to stand firm and stand firm in the east of the world, an important reason is that there is a people's army that resolutely carries out the party's political tasks and is loyal to the party and the people. History has fully proved that adhering to the party's absolute leadership over the People's Army is the point that all enemies fear us most, and it is also the fundamental magic weapon to ensure the long-term governance of our party and the long-term stability of the country. In the face of various major challenges, major risks, major obstacles, and major contradictions, only by firmly adhering to the party's command of the gun can we "let the wind and waves rise and sit on the fishing boat".
Adhering to the party's absolute leadership over the People's Army is the fundamental guarantee for the People's Army to always maintain strong cohesion, centripetal force, creativity, and combat effectiveness. Looking back at the history of our army, from the victory of the Long March, which is rare in the world, to the victory of the Kuomintang army with "millet plus rifle", from the defeat of armed opponents in the Korean battlefield to teeth, to the victory of many border self-defense operations, the reason why the People's Army has been able to repeatedly defeat the strong enemy with inferior equipment, to become an unstoppable, Invincible, Invincible, Invincible, invincible, and Invincible Steel master, the most fundamental is the strong leadership of the party. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: "With the Communist Party of China and the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, the People's Army will have a direction and strength." On the long and stormy road of revolution, the most common sentence of our army and soldiers is: as long as we follow the party, we will surely win. It is this absolute loyalty to the Party that has created the People's Army's loyalty to the Party and the People's Army and the people's fish and water affection, it has created the firm will of the People's Army to charge for the party and the people. Flood fighting in 1998, fighting SARS in 2003, and Wenchuan earthquake relief in 2008...... Where there is danger, there are people's soldiers. In 2020, in the face of the sudden outbreak of new coronary pneumonia, the People's Army listened to the party's command, heard the order and moved, fighting in the front line of medical treatment, scientific research, transportation and delivery. Facts have repeatedly proved that under the strong leadership of the party, the People's Army will remain unchanged, its true nature, dare to fight tough battles and win battles, and have always been a heroic army that the party and the people can trust.
Invictable because of the "soul", unswerving because of the "root". On the way forward, we must adhere to the fundamental principle and system of the party's absolute leadership over the army, comprehensively and thoroughly implement the responsibility system of the chairman of the Central Military Commission, insist on using the party's innovative theory to cast the soul and educate people, and ensure absolute loyalty, absolutely pure and reliable, and always maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission and Chairman Xi in ideological and political actions, and obey the command of the Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission and Chairman Xi in all actions.
Note: This is auto-translated version of an article meant for Chinese audience. A mature and nuanced reading is suggested.